Researchers have identified a new inherited neurodevelopmental disease that causes slow growth, seizures and learning difficulties in humans.
This study provides a blueprint of how fruit flies can be used as a rapid screening tool to identify potentially pathogenic human genes.
New research that examined the impact of exposure to lead (in the air and topsoil) on fertility in the United States has found that exposure matters for both women and men. It is the first study to find causal evidence of the relationship between lead exposure and fertility rates in the 1980s and mid-2000s.
A group of researchers has published the first study to determine the prevalence of twin births and chimerism in a large population of PRE horses, and the results suggest that chimerism is not especially connected to infertility.
In November 2017 -- under a biodiversity monitoring and assessment activity supported by the US Agency for International Development -- scientists and conservationists of the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research and WWF-Vietnam captured photographs of one of the rarest and most threatened mammal species of Southeast Asia, the large-antlered muntjac, in Quang Nam province, central Vietnam.
The many threats facing bumblebees can be tested using a 'virtual safe space' created by scientists at the University of Exeter.
While the negative health impacts of pollution from coal- and oil-burning power plants are well-documented, UC Berkeley researchers tested the flip side: do birth outcomes improve following power plant shutdowns. They reviewed state data on preterm births and fertility around eight plants before and after they were retired in California and found 20-25 percent drops in preterm birthrates and an increase in fertility. This provides an argument for replacing such plants with renewable energy sources.
Children as young as age three are able to make judgements about who owns an object based on its location, according to a study from the University of Waterloo.
A major study examining the fish-eating habits of pregnant women has found that they are not linked to autism or autistic traits in their children. Scientists at the University of Bristol looked at the assumption that mercury exposure during pregnancy is a major cause of autism using evidence from nearly 4,500 women who took part in the Children of the '90s study.
A study from Cincinnati Children's reveals a mechanism regulating nephron formation in kidneys during prenatal development. The discovery, based on mouse models, suggests a potential path for reducing demand for kidney transplantation.