The reintroduction program for the green turtle in the Cayman Islands has been crucial in order to recover this species, which are threatened by the effects of human overexploitation, according to the first genetic study of the green turtle's reintroduction program in this area of the Atlantic ocean.
How do plants space out their roots? A Japanese research team has identified a peptide and its receptor that help lateral roots to grow with the right spacing. The findings were published on Dec. 20, 2018 in the online edition of Developmental Cell.
In a multi-center collaboration, scientists at Children's Hospital Los Angeles and University of Cambridge discover a set of genes that help to establish brain connections governing body weight.
New systematic approach keys in on environmental mechanisms that contribute to central nervous system inflammation, identifies herbicide linuron as inflammation activator
Researchers from two groups studying mouse development have accidentally created mice with unusually long and unusually short tails. Their findings, publishing Jan. 17 in the journal Developmental Cell, offer new insight into some of the key aspects controlling the development of tails in mice and have implications for understanding what happens when developmental pathways go awry.
The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) announced 'Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) in Pregnancy Clinical Care Pathway - A Report from the American Gastroenterological Association IBD Parenthood Project Working Group' published online today ahead of print. The new pathway creates a standardized work flow among health care providers (HCPs) who treat women with IBD throughout all stages of family planning.
A new study highlights the importance of water for Andean bears living in the mountain forests of Peru. The study found that bears exhibit tree-rubbing behavior on shrubs and trees that are located on trails near water holes. The discovery that this behavior occurs near water holes could have implications for future conservation programs.
Scientists from Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have identified an epigenetic marker and two genes that caused heart failure in the children and grandchildren of fruit flies with high-fat-diet-induced heart dysfunction. Reversing the epigenetic modification or over-expressing the two genes protected subsequent generations from the negative heart effects of their parents' diet. The study was published in Nature Communications.
It was thought that Mojave rattlesnakes with hemorrhagic venom only lived in Arizona, but new research from Clemson University scientists documents hemorrhagic and neurotoxic venom types throughout the US and Mexico, and even hybrid venom in which one snake exhibits both types.
Two new mouse models of uterine cancer reveal that the TGF-beta signaling pathway in uterine cells protects against the disease by suppressing the overgrowth and oncogenesis of the endometrium, the membrane lining the inside of the uterus.