In newly published research, Mark Noble, visiting assistant professor of sociology and anthropology at Lehigh, focuses on the link between cocoa exports and deforestation in developing nations.
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators said the results reinforce the importance of hand washing and other measures to help protect vulnerable patients from influenza infections.
Combination of El Niño and 2016 Ecuador earthquake likely worsened Zika outbreak
Aside from inflicting devastating natural disasters on often vulnerable communities, climate change can also spur outbreaks of infectious diseases like Zika , malaria and dengue fever, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.
In the first study of its kind, an international team of genomics researchers have identified new regions of the genome that are associated with skin color variation in some African populations. These newly identified regions include genes that repair DNA damage caused by UV light, are associated with albinism and contribute to the production of a novel lysosomal protein. Lysosomes are sub-cellular structures that play roles in optimizing nutrition and fighting infections and now, with these findings, in pigmentation.
New research led by Kelly Austin, associate professor of sociology at Lehigh, explores unequal exchange in the coffee industry. She cites a range of negative consequences that coffee cultivation contributes to, including: malaria vulnerability, decreased participation in schooling, gender inequalities, and environmental degradation in Bududa, Uganda.
For centuries, researchers assumed that the active ingredient in the vaccine providing immunity against smallpox was the cowpox virus but a study just published in the New England Journal of Medicine indicates otherwise.
Exposure to environmental chemicals, especially early in life, is an important contributing factor in the development of breast cancer, according to the most comprehensive review of human studies to date. The findings could help inform prevention strategies aimed at reducing the incidence of the disease, as rates continue to increase worldwide.
Researchers have known for decades that fevers in the first trimester of pregnancy increase risk for some heart defects and facial deformities such as cleft lip or palate. Exactly how this happens is unclear. Scientists have debated whether a virus or other infection source causes the defects, or if fever alone is the underlying problem.
Salt marsh research shows that growing abundance of tiny shrimp infected by a microscopic parasite may portend future threats to humankind through disease.