People who care for elderly parents outside of their full-time jobs -- and are unpaid for it -- experience considerable disruption of their workplace routines. Many are not getting employer support because it is not offered or because they do not feel able to use it, even if it is available, a Baylor University study found.
Could artificial intelligence be the solution for detecting and managing a complex condition like Alzheimer's disease? A team of researchers thinks so. They employed a novel application of supervised machine learning and predictive modeling to demonstrate and validate the cross-sectional utility of MemTrax as a clinical decision support screening tool for assessing cognitive impairment. They introduce supervised machine learning as a new approach and value-added complementary tool in cognitive brain health assessment and related patient care and management.
Scientists at UAB have identified an enzyme in the brain, LIMK1, that may be an intriguing target for interventions against Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. LIMK1 appears to play a role in the degradation of dendritic spines.
Working with animal models of Alzheimer's disease, a team led by researchers at Baylor College of Medicine discovered that seizures that are associated with the disease both in animal models and humans alter the normal dynamics of neurogenesis in adult brains. Administering anti-seizure medication restored neurogenesis and improved performance in a spatial discrimination task.
A new study has found that variability in night-to-night sleep time and reduced sleep quality adversely affect the ability of older adults to recall information about past events. The study also found unexpected racial differences in the type of sleep patterns tied to lower memory performance across both younger and older African-American research participants.
Researchers have discovered a mysterious group of neurons in the amygdala -- a key center for emotional processing in the brain -- that stay in an immature, prenatal developmental state throughout childhood. Most of these cells mature rapidly during adolescence, suggesting a key role in the brain's emotional development, but some stay immature throughout life, suggesting new ideas about how the brain keeps its emotional responses flexible throughout life.
USC researchers have discovered a secret sauce in the brain's vascular system that preserves the neurons needed to keep dementia and other diseases at bay.
Chronic diseases, such as stroke, ischemic heart disease, and lung cancer, now represent the leading causes of premature death in China, according to a new scientific study. The rise in non-communicable diseases reflects declines in maternal and child mortality over nearly three decades, largely the result of economic growth and increasing levels of education. In addition, China has instituted national programs targeting infectious diseases.
Many elderly patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) -- who are often underrepresented in clinical trials to treat the kidney cancer -- are seeing overall survival benefits from treatment with targeted therapies, according to a new study published in JAMA Network Open.
Colorado study suggests that changes to the tissue ecosystem and not necessarily mutations allows growth of cancer.