In one of the largest studies to measure the burden of antibiotic resistance in a low- or middle-income country, researchers at the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy report that in-hospital mortality is significantly higher among patients infected with multi-drug resistant (MDR) or extensively drug resistant (XDR) pathogens including Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Acinetobacter baumannii.
Research is an important component of academic medicine, but many family medicine departments have struggled with barriers ranging from departmental culture to the lack of resources needed to advance the field. A paper published in Family Medicine reports that key factors to boost the creation of knowledge include leadership commitment to research and building a team approach to research that is relevant to family medicine.
New research shows improved smoking cessation outcomes can be achieved within the Medi-Cal (California's Medicaid program) population by supplementing telephone counseling with access to nicotine-replacement patches and moderate financial incentives that are not contingent on outcomes. The group that received these additional services was more likely to make a quit attempt and remain smoke-free, both short- and long-term.
A new study has found that Agile Implementation, an easy to localize and apply change methodology that enables fast, efficient, effective, scalable and sustainable implementation of evidence-based healthcare solutions, reduced central-line associated blood stream infections by 30 percent. Central line-associated bloodstream infections are among the most common hospital-acquired infections and can have serious consequences including death.
A team of researchers from The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice and the Berkeley School of Public Health at UC Berkeley recently conducted a study designed to better understand how patient engagement and activation (PAE) practices are being integrated into clinical practice. What they found was a great deal of positive sentiment about PAE among the healthcare professionals surveyed, but much less understanding and implementation of PAE tools and approaches.
A new study has found that older patients who were hospitalised were 72 percent more likely to be given a potentially inappropriate prescription after their hospital admission, independent of other patient factors.
Previously incarcerated transgender women can find themselves caught in a cycle that leads to repeat jail time. A new analysis of Allegheny County by University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health researchers identifies potential solutions that could lead to transgender women being more successfully reintegrated into society.
In castration-resistant prostate cancer, the tumors continue to progress even though testosterone production has been blocked; more than 90% of these patients develop metastasis and the survival rate is one to two years. * Using liquid biopsy, a simple blood test has been successful in determining what type of treatment can help to prolong the life expectancy of more than 150 patients
I wanted to alert you to two interesting papers from our researchers on opioid use. One focuses on overdoses among Massachusetts adolescents while the other is a data analysis that found prescription opioids dispensed to children/adolescents have steadily decreased since 2012.
Nearly two thirds of Americans (65 percent) say antibiotic resistance is a public health problem and a strong majority (81 percent) say they are concerned that antibiotic resistance will make more infections difficult or impossible to treat and even deadly, according to a national public opinion survey commissioned by Research!America in collaboration with the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA).