One of the most commonly performed surgeries to treat stress urinary incontinence in women may have better long-term results than another common surgical technique, according to a study led by Mayo Clinic researchers. The retrospective study of more than 1,800 cases at Mayo Clinic from 2002 to 2012 found that the need for additional surgery was twice as high after a transobturator sling surgery compared with a retropubic sling procedure.
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a high prevalence of uncontrolled hypertension and diabetes, as well as statin use below the recommended guidelines for cholesterol control, according to a study by researchers at UC San Francisco.
Hospital-wide introduction of new female external catheter technology halved the number of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) according to new research presented last week in Philadelphia at the 46th Annual Conference of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).
Broader monitoring of patients is needed to reduce the number of people who develop a urinary tract infection after being discharged from the hospital, new research suggests.
World Trade Center (WTC) responders with prostate cancer showed signs that exposure to dust from the World Trade Center site had activated chronic inflammation in their prostates, which may have contributed to their cancer, according to a study by Mount Sinai researchers in Molecular Cancer Research in June.
Research supported by the Accelerating Medicines Partnership (AMP) on Rheumatoid Arthritis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (RA/SLE) provides new insights into tissue damage for these autoimmune conditions. These discoveries set the stage for uncovering potential drug target candidates that could advance to experimental treatments. Results of the studies were published today (June 18, 2019) in three papers in Nature Immunology.
Cohesin is a protein complex that plays a key role in cell division; its role in 3D genome structure was described in recent years. Researchers at CNIO have found new functions in the peculiar 3D genome structure of mouse embryonic stem cells. Research on cohesin will help understand how its malfunction contributes to tumorigenesis in some types of cancer, as well as to rare diseases such as Cornelia de Lange syndrome.
Each year, 1 million men in the US undergo biopsies for prostate cancer. The biopsy procedure traditionally has been guided by ultrasound, but this method cannot clearly display the location of tumors in the prostate gland. Now, UCLA physicians have found that a new method, which includes biopsy guided by MRI, can be used together with the traditional method to increase the rate of prostate cancer detection by up to 33%.
The faster fluid is removed using continuous dialysis from patients with failing kidneys, the higher the likelihood they will die in the next several months.
'The idea is that for any individual tumor, its gene expression could tell us whether the cancer will respond to a certain kind of chemotherapy,' says Thomas Flaig, MD.