'In describing the miscarriage itself, the men are speaking to a societal expectation that pregnancy is easy and smooth,' Horstman said. 'When describing their role in the experience, the men speak to the traditional expectation that they should be heterosexual and tough. But without intention, we see that men's emotions are being pushed aside to help their partner, when in reality these men are also suffering.'
Male and female serial killers tend to choose their victims and commit their crimes in different ways, which may be due to thousands of years of psychological evolution, according to researchers.
Findings may contribute to improved education and preventive efforts to help control the spread of sexually transmitted infections.
Studies have shown women are more risk-averse than men, a trait experts say could help to explain the persistent wage gap between men and women. New research suggests those gender differences are shaped by culture and the social environment and that those differences can shift, at least in children.
In the largest such study so far undertaken, US researchers have shown that testosterone replacement slows the recurrence of prostate cancer in low-risk patients. This may call into question the general applicability of Nobel-Prize winning hormonal prostate treatment. The work is presented at the European Association of Urology congress in Barcelona.
An international team of researchers presents a comprehensive and renewed focus on the common, yet poorly understood condition of bacterial vaginosis (BV) and how the microbial make-up of the vagina can affect a woman's risk of acquiring HIV and AIDS.
Lucie Cluver, Professor of Child and Family Social Work in Oxford's Department of Social Policy and Intervention, is the principal investigator and lead author with Mark Orkin, Visiting Professor in the Developmental Pathways to Health Research Unit (DPHRU) in the Department of Paediatrics & Child Health, School of Clinical Medicine at Wits University.
We established a method for activity-dependent visualization of neural circuits in the fruit fly brain. An optogenetic method for reactivation of those visualized neural circuits upon illumination was also established for their manipulation. With these methods, we identified a neural cluster important for behavioral motivation. It is expected that these methods and findings would contribute to elucidation of the neural basis of innate behaviors of insects and regulation of their behaviors.
The media play a key role in informing society and at the same time an important role in shaping perceptions and judgements about social issues, particularly concerning issues on which there is insufficient knowledge and/or a lack of experience. For example, one issue that is beginning to arouse public debate about which most audiences do not have any direct experience is the matter of surrogacy on the part of homosexual couples.
Youth living in the slums of Uganda who are infected with both HIV and sexually transmitted infections are more likely to engage in problem drinking, according to a study led by Georgia State University.