Genetic recombination between viral strains in bats may have produced the direct evolutionary ancestor of the strain that caused a deadly outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in humans, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens.
A stem cell-derived in vitro model displays key small intestine characteristics including innate immune responses, according to a study published Nov. 29, 2017, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Ying Chen and David Kaplan from Tufts University, US, and colleagues.
Research has shown human disturbance can have detrimental effects on great ape populations but now, due to a study published in Biological Conservation on Nov. 27 by Lincoln Park Zoo, there is evidence showing how selective logging impacts chimpanzees and gorilla populations differently by utilizing data collected before, during and after timber extraction.
Trade of wild birds has dropped 90 percent globally since EU banned bird imports in 2005. A new study in Science Advances demonstrates how it decreased the number of birds traded annually from 1.3 million to 130,000. International trade of wild birds is a root cause of exotic birds spreading worldwide. The study was led by Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, University of Copenhagen and CIBIO-InBIO Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, University of Porto.
Protected zones of the Great Barrier Reef benefit fish even at the relatively lightly-fished northern reefs, according to a study published Nov. 8, 2017, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Carolina Castro-Sanguino from the University of Queensland, Australia, and colleagues.
Sheep can be trained to recognise human faces from photographic portraits -- and can even identify the picture of their handler without prior training -- according to new research from scientists at the University of Cambridge.
Scientists have long recognized six living species of great ape aside from humans: Sumatran and Bornean orangutans, eastern and western gorillas, chimpanzees, and bonobos. But researchers reporting in Current Biology on Nov. 2 have now made it seven, based on a collection of evidence showing that an isolated population of orangutans living in Sumatra is actually its own unique species. They've named the new species the Tapanuli orangutan (Pongo tapanuliensis).
Previous research has shown that animals can remember specific events, use tools and solve problems. But exactly what that means remains a matter of scientific dispute. Cameron Buckner, assistant professor of philosophy at the University of Houston, suggests the evidence shows a wide range of animal species exhibit so-called 'executive control' when it comes to making decisions, consciously considering their goals and ways to satisfy those goals before acting.
Researchers from the University of Exeter say conservation scientists could work with filmmakers to harness the 'Hollywood effect' to boost conservation.
new study of the world's seven sea turtle species provides evidence that their numbers are growing overall (unlike many endangered vertebrates), thanks to years of conservation efforts that have played a key role in sea turtle recovery -- even for small sea turtle populations.