Nearly 42 percent of the prosecutors who participated in a national online survey reported that the US Supreme Court's 2004 decision in Crawford v. Washington increased the need for abuse victims to testify in court and decreased their prosecutions of child abuse cases either 'greatly' or 'somewhat.' University of Illinois social work senior research specialist Theodore P. Cross and independent child abuse research Debra Whitcomb co-wrote the paper.
Fear of being arrested still undercuts an Indiana law that shields anyone who administers naloxone from criminal charges, according to a survey conducted by two researchers at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis. Naloxone is a lifesaving emergency antidote for opioid overdose.
Injured people often interact with police and other law enforcement agents before and during their injury care, particularly when their injuries are due to violence or major motor vehicle crashes. Yet, there are no professional guidelines in trauma medicine or nursing that standardize when and how police interact with injured patients.
A UN University report released today finds that the financial sector has a number of underutilized tools at its disposal to disrupt funds generated by human trafficking and modern slavery. The report identifies concrete measures to break the ties between the financial sector and modern slavery.
Nagoya University forensic scientists show that viable DNA samples can be taken from mosquito blood meal that has been digested for up to two days.
Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have taken an important step toward a reliable marijuana breathalyzer by measuring the vapor pressure of delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) -- a measurement that, due to the compound's chemical structure, is very difficult and has not been accomplished before.
Using a mobile MRI scanner to image the brains of prison inmates, Harvard researchers have found that the brains of people who show signs of psychopathy are wired in a way that leads them to over-value immediate rewards and neglect the future consequences of potentially dangerous or immoral actions.
A North-South divide in the way children are dealt with by local authorities and the family courts has been uncovered by researchers from the Centre for Child and Family Justice Research at Lancaster University.
With a sense of smell much greater than humans, dogs are considered the gold standard for explosive detection in many situations. But that doesn't mean there isn't room for improvement. In a study appearing in the ACS' journal Analytical Chemistry, scientists report on a new, more rigorous approach to training dogs and their handlers based on real-time analysis of what canines actually smell when they are exposed to explosive materials.
Nearly one-third of offenders who violated institutional rules and regulations across state prisons received a sanction of disciplinary segregation, which prison officials based on legal and extralegal factors, according to a recent study.