MIT Media Lab researchers have developed a wireless system that leverages the cheap RFID tags already on hundreds of billions of products to sense potential food contamination -- with no hardware modifications needed. With the simple, scalable system, the researchers hope to bring food-safety detection to the general public.
Photo-based information services that use image recognition can identify a user's location and other private information, such as personal interests and tendencies. Osaka University researchers developed an encryption-free framework called EnfPire to preserve users' privacy. EnfPire transforms a visual feature extracted from a photo so that it cannot be uniquely identified. The photo-based information service's server returns a set of candidates, which the user compares with the original image to determine the final recognition result.
NIMS and the Toyota Technological Institute at Chicago have jointly developed a Computer-Aided Material Design (CAMaD) system capable of extracting information related to fabrication processes and material structures and properties--factors vital to material design--and organizing and visualizing the relationship between them. The use of this system enables information from thousands of scientific and technical articles to be summarized in a single chart, rationalizing and expediting material design.
Scientists from Russia found a way of improving the crystal structure prediction algorithms, making the discovery of new compounds multiple times faster.
Study finds that people feel it's easier to achieve a small incremental goal than to maintain the status quo.
Researchers at the University of Waterloo have taken a huge step towards making smart devices that do not use batteries or require charging.
A new Journal of Economics & Management Strategy study investigates whether social media may be used as a source of information for recruiters to discriminate against job applicants.
Researchers from MIT and Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) have developed a predictive model that could guide clinicians in deciding when to give potentially life-saving drugs to patients being treated for sepsis in the emergency room.
Study identifies reasons for unsettled editing disagreements and offers predictive tools that could improve deliberation.
Web browsers use GPUs to render graphics on desktops, laptops, and smart phones. GPUs are also used to accelerate applications on the cloud and data centers. GPUs are usually programmed using application programming interfaces, or APIs, such as OpenGL. OpenGL is accessible by any application on a desktop with user-level privileges. Since desktop or laptop machines by default come with the graphics libraries and drivers installed, the attack can be implemented easily using graphics APIs.