A drug policy researcher is proposing a suite of changes to overhaul the Multi-Criteria Drug Harm Scale, which informs drug policies across Europe. The changes focus on addressing use and abuse separately, collecting input from a broader range of stakeholders, and targeting substance-specific experts for drug review panels.
Less than half of the 201 randomly chosen stores always refused the underage tobacco purchase attempts, and more than one-fourth sold tobacco to the minors two or more times.
Yale researchers have identified racial disparities in the treatment of patients who are prescribed opioids for chronic pain. Black patients who receive opioids long-term are more likely than whites to be tested for illicit drug use. Of those who test positive, blacks are more likely to have their opioid prescriptions discontinued, said the researchers.
Places with the most pubs, bars and nightclubs had a 13 per cent higher hospital admission rate for acute conditions caused by alcohol.
Is prenatal marijuana use higher among women diagnosed with nausea and vomiting in pregnancy? A new research letter used data from Kaiser Permanente Northern California, which screens pregnant women for marijuana use through self-report and urine toxicology tests, to examine more than 220,000 pregnancies from 2009 through 2016.
Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death in the world and encompasses a variety of products, including cigarettes, e-cigarettes and smokeless tobacco. Combustible cigarettes remain the most common tobacco product used by US adults, but studies have shown no level of cigarette consumption is safe. A new review -- published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology -- examines policies to achieve complete cigarette abstinence as part of efforts to reduce the risk of heart disease.
A new Organ Chip system from the Wyss Institute has fluidically linked a Brain Chip with two blood-brain barrier (BBB) Chips to recapitulate the interactions between the brain and its blood vessels. This system reacts to methamphetamine exposure just like a human brain, and has allowed scientists to make new discoveries about just how important our blood vessels are for our mental function.
America's drug problem may be even worse than officials realize. And illicit drugs are consumed at a higher rate during celebratory events. Those are just two of the conclusions scientists have drawn from recent studies of drug residues in sewage. The researchers will present their results today at the 256th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society.
Policymakers and public health experts have long recognized the harm that can come to fetuses if women use drugs during pregnancy. As U.S. states legalize marijuana and as governmental attention focuses on the 'opioid crisis,' state policies pertaining to drug use during pregnancy are increasingly important. A new study examines the scope of state policies targeting drug use during pregnancy, how they have evolved, and how they compare to policies related to alcohol use during pregnancy.
In a pair of new modeling studies, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with international colleagues, examined how policy reform in terms of drug decriminalization (in Mexico) and access to drug treatment (in Russia) might affect two regions hard hit by the HIV pandemic: Tijuana, Mexico and the Russian cities of Omsk and Ekaterinburg.