Exposure to high rates of conflicting information during an emergency is linked to increased levels of stress, and those who rely on text messages or social media reports from unofficial sources are more frequently exposed to rumors and experience greater distress, according to research led by the University of California, Irvine.
A set of validated, self-reported questions administered early in a soldier's career could predict mental health problems such as depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after return from deployment, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Psychology.
Professor of Psychology/Pediatrics, University of Miami, Annette M. La Greca, is fully aware of children's reaction to trauma. Her research focuses on the impact of disasters on youth since Hurricane Andrew in 1992. La Greca has been evaluating how best to define post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children. This line of research will help to quickly identify the children who need support services post-disaster and identify key aspects of the post-disaster environment that facilitate their recovery.
Wildlife rangers are on the front lines protecting our most iconic species -- tigers, elephants, gorillas and many others. But their challenges involve more than confrontations with wild animals and poachers.
Emotional learning can create strong memories and powerful emotional responses, but flexible behavior demands that these responses be inhibited when they are no longer appropriate. Scientists at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have discovered that emotional and flexible learning rely on an important division of labor in the brain. Published in the journal Nature Neuroscience, the study shows that these different learning states require distinct populations of neurons that originate in the locus coeruleus of the brain and transmit signals using noradrenaline.
It is possible to unlearn fears. And this works even better when a specific region of the brain has previously been stimulated magnetically. This has been shown by researchers from the Würzburg University Hospital in a new study.
Being socially rejected can be a painful emotional experience -- but being told sorry may not soften the blow, finds a new study published in Frontiers in Psychology. Contrary to popular belief, apologies increase hurt feelings and the need to express forgiveness, but do not increase feelings of forgiveness, for the person being rebuffed.
The fact that spouses often become caregivers for their ailing partners is quite common in American life -- and few roles are more stressful. But Michael Poulin, a UB psychologist, is part of a research team that has published a study suggesting that spending time attempting to provide help can be beneficial for a caregiver's well-being, but only under certain circumstances.
Researchers in Israel have found that maternal authoritativeness and warmth helps to protect against psychological distress and mental health symptoms in children exposed to war. The results suggest that combining emotional support and warmth with discipline and openness to negotiation could be an effective way to protect children from emotional trauma following violent conflict.
According to new research by Kalina Michalska, assistant professor of psychology at the University of California, Riverside, we now know that anxious children tend to avoid making eye contact, and this has consequences for how they experience fear. The shorter and less frequently they look at the eyes of others, the more likely they are to be afraid of them, even when there may be no reason to be.