Researchers may have found a way to improve a common treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) by changing how the brain learns to respond less severely to fearful conditions, according to research published in Journal of Neuroscience.
More than 30 years ago, scientists discovered that mad cow and Creutzfeldt-Jakob diseases are caused by prions. But in recent years, Nobel laureate Eric Kandel, M.D., demonstrated in mice that some prions are beneficial and serve important functions in the brain and body. And today, new Columbia research from Dr. Kandel describes how one such prion-like protein helps the brain keep fearful memories in check. Without it, female mice exhibit the tell-tale signs of post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD.
Study examines families' functioning when a child is diagnosed with pediatric onset multiple sclerosis. Paper co-written by University of Illinois' Ted Cross.
What kinds of weather do people find remarkable, when does that change, and what does that say about the public's perception of climate change? A study led by the University of California, Davis, examined those questions through the lens of more than 2 billion US Twitter posts.
In a new pilot study, autistic adults showed real-life, functional improvement after a combination treatment approach that included graded exposure to fear and anxiety-producing experiences in a virtual reality environment.
Spouses can help breast cancer patients with coping by positively reframing the cancer experience and other negative experiences. In general, positive reframing -- finding the silver lining -- was associated with less stress. Researchers suggest the findings can be extended to a broader population.
Age and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are key factors that affect how coherently sexually abused children are able to recount traumatic events, according to a new study published in the journal Heliyon.
Lifetime adversity and increased neural processing during a traumatic event combine to increase the frequency of intrusive traumatic memories and the distress they cause, according to a new study in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging.
New research shows that the Blue Room, an immersive virtual reality treats 45 percent of children with autism freeing them from their fears and phobias -- and that the treatment lasts.
Climate change poses an exponentially greater risk for mental health problems in children born to mothers with prenatal depression who also experience natural disaster-related stress. That is the message of a new study of infants born to New York City mothers shortly after Superstorm Sandy.