Researchers at Nagoya University revealed that a molecule called Daple is essential for the correct orientation and coordinated beating of cilia on the surface of cells lining ventricles in the brain. Without Daple, the cilia develop a random arrangement and cannot produce a uniform flow of CSF. This in turn leads to a build-up of fluid, which is associated with swelling of the head, known as hydrocephalus.
Cartilage in our joints contains collagen which behaves a bit like the liquid crystals on a smart phone screen, according to researchers at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL).
A UBC Okanagan researcher has discovered a new artificial bone design that can be customized and made with a 3-D printer for stronger, safer and more effective bone replacements.
Every time we swallow food, cells that line the intestines must step up their activity in a sudden and dramatic manner. According to a new study by Weizmann Institute of Science researchers, reported in Science, they rise to the challenge in the most economic fashion.
Head-on collisions between the protein machines that crawl along chromosomes can disrupt DNA replication and boost gene mutation rates. This may be one of the ways bacteria control their evolution by accelerating mutations in key genes when coping with new conditions. Some mutations may help bacteria survive hostile environments, resist antibiotics or fend off immune attacks
In humans, even the most minor dehydration can compromise the kidneys causing lifelong, irreparable issues or even death. However, some animals living in desert environments are able to survive both acute and chronic dehydration. While these animals, like cactus mice, have evolved over time to deal with environmental stressors like dehydration, researchers at the University of New Hampshire have found it's not the physical makeup that is helping them survive, but rather their genetic makeup.
Korean researchers newly found thermo-responsive protein to accelerate development of biopharmaceuticals to treat brain diseases. It is expected to be used to develop biopharmaceutical for hemostasis of cerebral hemorrhage and brain tissue regeneration
Spiders' silk is already tough stuff -- just ask your friendly neighbourhood Spiderman. But now, researchers in Italy and the UK have found a way to make Spidey's silk a lot stronger, using various different spider species and carbon nanotubes or graphene.
The research team led by Professor Insung Choi of the Department of Chemistry developed a sprayable nanocoating technique using plant-derived polyphenol that can be applied to any surface. This new nanocoating process can be completed in seconds to form nanometer-thick films, allowing for the coating of commodity goods, such as shoe insoles and fruits, in a controlled fashion.
Research by the University of Plymouth and the Technical University of Munich, published in Scientific Reports, has shown that golfers and tennis players who perfect a consistent backswing when learning the sport can achieve results quicker than those who don't.