Individuals who exhibit life-course-persistent antisocial behaviour - for example, stealing, aggression and violence, bullying, lying, or repeated failure to take care of work or school responsibilities - may have thinner cortex and smaller surface area in regions of the brain previously implicated in studies of antisocial behaviour more broadly, compared to individuals without antisocial behaviour, according to an observational study of 672 participants published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal.
Facial expressions might not be reliable indicators of emotion, research indicates. In fact, it might be more accurate to say we should never trust a person's face, new research suggests.
Patients with facial palsy completed questionnaires to help identify socioeconomic, personality and mental health factors associated with their health-related quality of life, information that may be beneficial in interpreting treatment outcomes.
In a study published today researchers propose that changing states of mind are holistic in that they exert all-encompassing and coordinated effects simultaneously on our perception, attention, thought, affect, and behavior. They provide evidence and a framework for the concept of SoM, proposing a unifying principle for the underlying cortical mechanism whereby SoM is determined. This novel global account gives rise to unique hypotheses and opens new horizons for understanding the human mind.
With more than a quarter of US adults now having tattoos -- and nearly half of millennials -- only a handful of studies have focused on religious tattoos. But a new study by researchers at Baylor University and Texas Tech University analyzes faith-centered tattoos and is the first to use visual images of them.
The regional gap in trust is not a result of the higher percentage of Black Americans -- who tend to have lower trust - living in the south, York University sociologist Prof. Cary Wu, who conducted the study said. Instead, the distrust is deeply rooted in the unique social and political culture shaped by the defeat in the Civil War, history of slavery, poverty, and prominence of religion in the southern United States.
Sociable people have a higher abundance of certain types of gut bacteria and also more diverse bacteria, an Oxford University study has found.
It's almost Valentine's Day, but there is nothing romantic about new research illuminating how teen dating abuse is manifesting online. A study of US middle and high school students showed that 28.1% had been the victim of at least one form of digital dating abuse. More than one-third had been the victim of traditional dating abuse (offline). Boys experienced all forms of digital dating abuse more than girls and were even more likely to experience physical aggression.
People's values of personal choice, such as their attitudes towards abortion, divorce, and premarital sex, are usually determined their level of education, age, religiosity, and social status. At least this is the case in many countries such as the US and those in Europe. In a recent study, sociologists from HSE University and Max Planck Institute found that in post-Soviet countries, personal values are most determined by people's level of patriotism. http://jourssa.ru/?q=en/Lopatina%20et%20al_2019_4_Article
Michigan State University research found that those who are optimistic contribute to the health of their partners, staving off the risk factors leading to Alzheimer's disease, dementia and cognitive decline as they grow old together.