Researchers discover how young children seem to run around all day without getting tired: their muscles resist fatigue and recover in the same way as elite endurance athletes. The study, which compared energy output and post-exercise recovery rates of young boys, untrained adults and endurance athletes, can be used to develop athletic potential in children and improve our knowledge of how disease risk, such as diabetes, increases as our bodies change from childhood to adulthood.
Ever since the first penalty kicks were introduced to soccer in 1891, experts, coaches and supporters have puzzled over the question of why some goalkeepers are better at stopping penalties than others. A new review of the available literature now proves that simply learning which corner to dive to is not enough. It is important that goalkeepers also perfectly calculate their dive to get to the corner at the right time.
A rear-ender in which the driver's head slams against the steering wheel or a helmet-to-helmet tussle with an opponent on the football field may increase one's risk for Parkinson's disease if concussion results, say researchers from UCSF and the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center.
A Portland State University research team studying concussion has published an interactive diagram showing the many facets of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) -- from sleep problems to mood disorders to the increased danger of dementia -- and how they connect with and affect each other.
The Trolley Problem is a very well-known ethics dilemma about actively killing one or sometimes even more persons in order to save more persons. The problem can occur in situations involving autonomous vehicles when the vehicle realizes that there is no way to prevent a collision, the computer of the vehicle should analyze which collision is considered to be the least harmful collision.
University of Guelph researchers examined lung tissue from 95 racehorses that had actively raced or trained before their deaths and found a majority had inflammatory airway disease (IAD). Previous research suggested the disease occurs in up to half of equine athletes. The first of its kind study suggests even racehorses without respiratory signs could have IAD.
A study from researchers at Indiana University has found differences in the brains of athletes who participate in contact sports compared to those who participate in noncontact sports.
A Kent physiotherapist contributes to international guidelines for knee cartilage treatment. Thousands of people worldwide with knee cartilage problems are expected to benefit from updated international guidelines on how to manage the condition.
Excess body weight has been linked to poor academic performance in children in several previous studies. A new Finnish study now shows that a high body fat percentage is associated with poor reading skills in 6- to 8-year-old boys. However, these associations are largely explained by poor motor skills.
New research indicates that young recreational and elite athletes commonly accumulate excess fluid in the bone marrow around the joint that connects the spine with the pelvis.