Through a randomized field experiment, researchers at Stanford's Immigration Policy Lab demonstrate that a low-cost nudge informing immigrants about their eligibility for a federal fee waiver increased rates of citizenship applications.
Daily cannabis use increased significantly from 2008 to 2016 among those with and without past-month serious psychological distress (SPD) and use among those with SPD was persistently higher compared to those without SPD. Research at Columbia Mailman School and CUNY shows that in 2016, past-month daily cannabis use was about three times higher for SPD (8%) compared to those without SPD (2.7%).
In a new study of patients awaiting kidney transplants, Yale researchers found significant racial disparities. This occurred despite a new system designed to reduce inequities, the researchers said. The study was published in JAMA Surgery.
Across US counties, black students experience higher rates of suspension, expulsion, in-school arrests and law enforcement referrals than whites, according to a new study led by Princeton University researchers.
In a Child Development study of daily diary descriptions of discrimination by minority adolescents, experiencing discrimination during the day was associated with compromised sleep quality that night, as well as feelings of greater daytime dysfunction and sleepiness the following day.
Big data analysis of popular online dating website reveals that geographic distance within the US is the strongest driver of mutual romantic interest. At the city level, users in New York, Boston, Chicago, and Seattle may experience very different sub-markets depending on their age, sex, and race.
UTSA Criminal Justice professors Richard Hartley and Rob Tillyer have studied the factors affecting whether prosecutors decline to charge someone arrested for a federal crime. Their research is aimed at understanding prosecutorial discretion and its influence as gate keeper of the federal criminal justice system. The research revealed disparities related to charging decisions, charge reductions, guilty pleas, pleas rewards, trial penalties, selection processes in screening, and prosecutor variation in plea bargaining. They also examined charge changes and prosecutors' decisions to decline to pursue a case.
Despite the scientific community taking action on gender inequality, the problem persists. In a review published March 27 in the journal Trends in Ecology & Evolution, researchers say that achieving equality for women in STEM requires us to ask, 'What is equality?' To create authentic equality, and not only regarding gender, the authors promote a simple first step: define the problem before finding the solution.
Patients with lupus are at increased risk of heart disease. Exposing endothelial cells -- known to protect against heart disease, in part by producing nitric oxide -- to the serum of patients with lupus decreased nitric oxide production. Administering L-sepiapterin restored that production. These findings, reported by Medical University of South Carolina researchers in Lupus Science & Medicine, provide proof-of-concept that the enzyme is a promising therapeutic target for heart disease in lupus and beyond.
It flies in the face of popular perception -- but people who choose to emigrate are those with the best education.