Two year-old children were taught novel words in predictable and unpredictable situations. Children learned words significantly better in predictable situations.
Young children who are regularly engaged in conversation by adults may have stronger connections between two developing brain regions critical for language, according to a study of healthy young children that confirms a hypothesis registered with the Open Science Framework. This finding, published in JNeurosci, was independent of parental income and education, suggesting that talking with children from an early age could promote their language skills regardless of their socioeconomic status.
Children communicate with technology differently than adults do, and a more responsive device -- one that repeats or prompts the user, for example -- could be more useful to more people. A new University of Washington study examines how children talk to technology.
A gene implicated in affecting speech and language, FOXP2, is held up as a 'textbook' example of positive selection on a human-specific trait. But in a paper in the journal Cell on Aug. 2, researchers challenge this finding.
FOXP2, a gene implicated in affecting speech and language, is held up as a textbook example of positive selection on a human-specific trait. But in a paper published Aug. 2 in the journal Cell, researchers challenge this finding. Their analysis of genetic data from a diverse sample of modern people and Neanderthals saw no evidence for recent, human-specific selection of FOXP2 and revises the history of how we think humans acquired language.
In a recently-published study in the Journal of Family Psychology, BYU researchers explored how family prayer influences family relationships, finding a connection between prayer and a number of benefits for families.
People across cultures are largely able to tell the difference between a fake laugh and a real one, according to a new study led by UCLA's Greg Bryant. Across all societies, listeners were able to tell better than chance whether a laugh was 'real' or 'fake' with some variation. For example, Samoan listeners only got the right answer 56 percent of the time whereas Japanese listeners were correct 69 percent of the time.
A new joint Tel Aviv University and University of California San Francisco study identifies the brain mechanism that accounts for the discrepancy between low decoding skills and high reading comprehension in some children with dyslexia.
In a recent study published in the journal PLOS One, Lynn Perry and a team of fellow researchers who examined child speech interactions over the course of a year at the UM Linda Ray Intervention Center found that vulnerable children benefit from conversations with their peers and their teachers.
Nerve cells in the brain region planum temporale have more synapses in the left hemisphere than in the right hemisphere -- which is vital for rapid processing of auditory speech, according to the report published by researchers from Ruhr-Universität Bochum and Technische Universität Dresden in the journal Science Advances. There has already been ample evidence of left hemisphere language dominance; however, the underlying processes on the neuroanatomical level had not yet been fully understood.