If you could save the lives of five people by pushing another bystander in front of a train to his death, would you do it? And should it make any difference if that choice is presented in a language you speak, but isn't your native tongue? Psychologists at the University of Chicago know communicating in a foreign language matters. In a new study, they take a major step toward understanding why.
An article published online August 3, 2017 by Brain reports a novel mapping methodology adapted for stroke brains at the Medical University of South Carolina. Researchers combined connectome-lesion symptom mapping with traditional voxel-based cortical lesion symptom mapping to assess brain networks supporting auditory comprehension. Results confirm the middle, inferior and posterior temporal regions are the most important for speech comprehension and shed light on potential contributions of temporal lobe network connections in understanding spoken language.
'People tend to assume that a smiley is a virtual smile, but the findings of this study show that in the case of the workplace, at least as far as initial 'encounters' are concerned, this is incorrect,' Dr. Glikson says. 'For now, at least, a smiley can only replace a smile when you already know the other person. In initial interactions, it is better to avoid using smileys, regardless of age or gender.'
A new paper by University of Illinois educational psychology professor Kiel Christianson suggests that the physiological and psychological effects of profanity and other taboo words on people who read or hear them may be due largely -- but not entirely -- to the context and individual audience members' likelihood of being offended.
A recent study by Penn Medicine researchers published online ahead of print in the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry found that the costs associated with the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM), one evidence-based treatment for young children with autism, were fully offset after only two years following intervention due to reductions in children's use of other services.
In a new study, an international team of researchers, including those from Princeton University, report that bilingual infants as young as 20 months of age efficiently and accurately process two languages.
A new study, from researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and published online in Social Psychological and Personality Science, suggests people have more leniency for politicians' lies when they bolster a shared belief that a specific political stance is morally right.
George Carlin's 1972 routine 'the seven words you can never say on television' underlined his generation's rejection of the niceties of post-war American society. Seeing how the use of these swear words has changed over time captures the evolving American psyche, according to a new study by San Diego State University psychology professor Jean M. Twenge.
Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) investigators report in the August, 2017, Scientific Reports - Nature, that white matter network fragmentation in relatively spared brain areas explains variations in aphasia recovery after strokes.
Booty, booby and nitwit are officially some of the funniest words in the English language, according to new peer-reviewed research by the University of Warwick.