A new study published in the Journal of Psychopharmacology, conducted by researchers from the University of Liverpool, Maastricht University and King's College London, shows that bilingual speakers' ability to speak a second language is improved after they have consumed a low dose of alcohol.
Researchers from the Texas Advanced Computing Center, working with classicists and computer scientists from The University of Texas at Austin, developed a method to preserve digital humanities databases. The preservation strategy allows scholars to re-launch a database application in a variety of environments -- from individual computers, to virtual machines, to future web servers -- without compromising its interactive features. They presented the work at the 2017 ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL).
When talking with their young infants, parents instinctively use 'baby talk,' a unique form of speech including exaggerated pitch contours and short, repetitive phrases. Now, researchers reporting in Current Biology on Oct. 12 have found another unique feature of the way mothers talk to their babies: they shift the timbre of their voice in a rather specific way. The findings hold true regardless of a mother's native language.
When using the special communication mode known as baby talk or 'motherese,' mothers change their vocal timbre in quantifiable ways, say Princeton researchers who identified the timbre shift and trained a computer to identify baby talk with only a one-second audio clip.
A study of the use of pronouns by French speakers with agrammatic aphasia shows that grammatical pronouns are significantly more impaired in speech than lexical ones. The findings support a new theory of grammar which suggests that grammatical elements contain secondary information that speakers with limited cognitive resources can omit from their speech and still make sense.
New research shows that when it comes to receiving bad news, most people prefer directness, candor and very little -- if any -- buffer.
An international team, led by scientists at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, has discovered that a language's grammatical structures change more quickly than vocabulary, overturning a long-held assumption in the field. The study, published in PNAS, analyzed 81 Austronesian languages based on a detailed database of grammatical structures and lexicon. By analyzing these languages, the researchers were able to determine how quickly different aspects of the languages had changed.
It is often claimed that people who are bilingual are better than monolinguals at learning languages. Now, the first study to examine bilingual and monolingual brains as they learn an additional language offers new evidence that supports this hypothesis, researchers say.
5,000 years ago, the Yamnaya culture migrated into Europe from the Caspian steppe. In addition to innovations such as the wagon and dairy production, they brought a new language -- Indo-European -- that replaced most local languages the following millennia. But local cultures also influenced the new language, particularly in southern Scandinavia, where Neolithic farmers made lasting contributions to Indo-European vocabulary before their own language went extinct, new research shows.
MIT cognitive scientists have found that languages tend to divide the "warm" part of the color spectrum into more color words, such as orange, yellow, and red, than the "cooler" regions, which include blue and green. This pattern may reflect the fact that most objects that stand out in a scene are warm-colored, while cooler colors such as green and blue tend to be found in backgrounds.