When making decisions, our perception is influenced by judgments we have made in the past as a way of remaining consistent with ourselves, suggests new research published in eLife.
You've got a full hour until your next meeting. But you probably won't make the most of that time, new research suggests. In a series of eight studies, both in the lab and real life, researchers found that free time seems shorter to people when it comes before a task or appointment on their calendar.
The research team at Toyohashi University of Technology has measured the human pupil upon gaining insight into an object. It is known that pupils dilate/narrow to adjust the amount of light entering the eye and that emotional state affects the extent of dilation/narrowing. This study indicates that dilation extent varies depending on if inspiration occurs and that dilation occurs before inspiration. The results of the present study were published in Scientific Reports on May 2.
A difficult task that requires participants to determine which of two stimuli appears first demonstrates how varying rhythms of brain activity may be synchronized to achieve a stable sense of time. The research is published in eNeuro.
Introducing a less convenient option for hand sanitizing may actually boost workers' use of hand sanitizer and increase sanitary conditions in the workplace, according to findings in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. The findings revealed that employees in a food factory used more of their regular sanitizer and had cleaner hands and workspaces after a 'decoy' sanitizer option was offered to them.
Researchers often use hypothetical scenarios to understand how people grapple with moral quandaries, but experimental results suggest that these scenarios may not always reflect real-life behavior. The findings, published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, showed that people tend to focus more on the outcome of their decision and less on absolute moral principles when faced with a real-life scenario as opposed to a hypothetical scenario.
Contrary to other recent studies, researchers from The Dartmouth Institute and Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center find that end-of-life spending has been decreasing and contributing to the overall moderation of Medicare spending growth
One out of at least 10 patients records doctors' visits, usually on a cell phone, Apple recently released a new Health Records feature built into the Health app as part of iOS 11.3. No longer a wave of the future, Dartmouth Institute researchers, and their patient co-author, analyze the benefits of digital recordings of healthcare visits, the need to create a new model of health data ownership, and potential cybersecurity threats
The experimental design allowed the researchers to tease apart the effects of recent choices on the formation of value expectations of future decisions.
Dr. Catharine Winstanley at the University of British Columbia have uncovered a network of regions in the brain that are involved in determining the choice of being a 'hard-worker' or a 'slacker.' Understanding how the brain makes such decisions is one of the most fundamental questions in neuroscience and psychology, and sophisticated animal behavioral testing, coupled with advance brain imaging and stimulation techniques are shedding light on this important process.