A new study of trial court judges suggests these arbiters of the law sometimes let their personal ideas about gender roles influence their decision-making. The findings, which are part of a broader study of judicial behavior, revealed that the judges were just as likely as laypeople to discriminate -- in ways that harmed both men and women -- in decisions involving child custody or workplace discrimination cases related to family caregiving duties.
Expectations and biases play a large role in our enjoyment of experiences such as art and wine. Now, researchers at the University of Arkansas, Arizona State University and the University of Connecticut have found that simply being told that a performer is a professional or a student changes the way the brain responds to music, and overcoming this bias takes a deliberate effort. The results will be published in Scientific Reports on April 18.
Shortly after they turn 1, most babies begin to help others, whether by handing their mother an object out of her reach or giving a sibling a toy that has fallen. Researchers have long studied how this helping behavior develops, but why it develops has been examined less. A new study looked at the role of imitation to find that when 16-month-olds observe others' helping behavior, they're more likely to be helpful themselves.
As Instagram is viewed as a place for building the ideal self, some users have created fake Instagram (Finsta) accounts to buck this trend. But are these 'fake' accounts really there to express the real, sometimes ugly self, or is there a deeper motivation? A recent study by researchers at Pennsylvania State University, found that users align their real Instagram accounts (Rinsta) with their actual self and to escape from reality, whereas Finsta to foster social bonding.
New research shows that elevation in an office building can increase someone's willingness to take financial risks because it makes people feel more powerful.
A researcher from James Cook University in Australia has found that a person's mental state affects how they look at art.
Portrayals in the media and academic research suggest that females act like queen bees. When they succeed in male-dominated settings they mistreat subordinate women and stop their professional advancement -- contributing to gender inequality in the work place. The latest study on the 'Queen Bee' phenomenon, published in The Leadership Quarterly, presents a different perspective altogether.
No one likes smug know- it-all friends, relatives or co-workers who believe their knowledge and beliefs are superior to others.
Seeing an object at the same time that you hear sound coming from somewhere else can lead to the 'ventriloquist illusion' and its aftereffect, but research suggests that simply imagining the object produces the same illusory results. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
People often assume that being inexpressive makes them appear more cool, but new research suggests that smiling is considered more cool than an inexpressive attitude.