Improving prevention and treatment services are realistic reforms to the child welfare system that could improve long-term outcomes for children while cutting $12 billion in costs. RAND developed a quantitative model to reach its recommendations. The model is the first-ever attempt to integrate risk of maltreatment, detection, paths through the system and consequences to predict the impact of policy changes.
Experts at the University of Huddersfield are researching the emergence of a new style of family creation that sees couples 'adopt' embryos and, after the child is born, remain in contact with the donors and in many cases develop a special relationship with them.
The presumed sisterhood between young black women in the United States doesn't exist between the different classes. Young middle-class black women feel 'different' or even isolated. This also applies to women who grow up in biracial families or are adopted by a white family. Their connection to the white community alienates them even further from other black women, reports Colleen Butler-Sweet of the Sacred Heart University, in a study published in Springer's journal Gender Issues.
An important learning process is impaired in adolescents who were abused as children, a University of Pittsburgh researcher has found, and this impairment contributes to misbehavior patterns later in life. In a newly released study, published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, Pitt Assistant Professor Jamie L. Hanson detailed the connection between impaired associative learning capacities and instances of early childhood abuse.
A new study from the University of Rochester sheds light on how parents and caregivers of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders can best help their kids, and at the same time, maintain peace at home and at school.
Children who have been in the US foster care system are at a significantly higher risk of mental and physical health problems -- ranging from learning disabilities, developmental delays and depression to behavioral issues, asthma and obesity -- than children who haven't been in foster care, according to a University of California, Irvine sociologist.
Nurturing caregiving from a few consistent individuals helps to minimize the potential emotional and mental-health development issues that can arise from spending the early years of a child's life in an institution. Within such facilities, infants and toddlers reared in daily contact with responsive and warm professionals display better physical, cognitive, and social development. After they are placed into families, they have less aggressive and defiant tendencies and show fewer externalizing behaviors.
A report from the University of Washington finds that inconsistent practices and policies leave many foster children in the state without an advocate in decisions that shape virtually every aspect of their lives.
'Open' adoptions, or adoptions in which adoptive families have ongoing interactions with the birth family are becoming more popular. Now, University of Missouri communication researchers are studying the benefits of open adoptions. Their recent study shows that open adoptions in which communication is encouraged, can benefit the child and their adoptive parents.
A review published today in Current Pharmaceutical Design bundles those decades of research and education into overall progress toward improving the lives of women with PCOS: better counseling and managed care, new directions in genetic testing, new diagnostic tests, and earlier tests, such as measuring finger length ratios, and taking hormone samples from hair strands plucked off the heads of newborn girls.