In a study published Aug. 11 in the journal Science, researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Temple University assessed what people in the United States think about the uses of human genome editing and how their attitudes may drive public discussion. They found a public divided on its uses but united in the importance of moving conversations forward.
The altered state of consciousness and temporary lack of ego that results from using psychedelic drugs could help some mental health patients recover from their symptoms, according to academics at the University of Adelaide.
Researchers at the University of Huddersfield look at the important role former-paramilitaries can play in de-mythologizing the Troubles in Northern Ireland and deterring young people from embracing violence.
Many in rural Africa believe disability is caused by supernatural forces, curses and as 'punishment'. The stigma leaves disabled people vulnerable to neglect and abuse - with sexual abuse reported by 90 percent those with learning difficulties. Disabled children are often kept 'locked up' at home. But the more that communities come into contact with disability, the more awareness grows. Medical explanations are beginning to emerge, with increasing numbers of families choosing medical advice over a witchdoctor.
Over the past 10,000 years human cultures have expanded from small groups of hunter-gatherers to colossal and complexly organized societies. The secrets to how and why this major cultural transition occurred have largely remained elusive. In an article published on July 24 by Russell Gray and Joseph Watts in PNAS they outline how advances in computational methods and large cross-cultural datasets are beginning to reveal the broad patterns and processes underlying our cultural histories.
While research has demonstrated the positive impact a woman's social support network and faith community can have on influencing decisions to breastfeed, little is known regarding the influence of Islamic traditions on the breastfeeding beliefs and practices of African-American Muslims.
Economic redistribution has been a core political dispute around the world for centuries. And while intuitively fairness seems a natural explanation for why people support redistribution, researchers at UC Santa Barbara find that fairness doesn't really explain who supports redistribution or why.
An award-winning, research led model used to build and maintain peace between rival groups in Kenya is expanding through new African centers, beginning with Cote d'Ivoire, Tanzania and the Central African Republic. Founded by an Irish priest in the aftermath of deadly 2007-08 post-election violence (Kenya's next national elections take place Aug. 8), Nairobi-based Shalom Centre has successfully helped foster peace between 11 ethnic communities of Northern Kenya, where assault rifles are as common in households as cooking pots.
Despite being a male-dominated field, a recent study found no evidence for gender bias against women in philosophy, in terms of securing tenure-track positions as college professors. So why are there less women in philosophy overall? Some studies show that less women are choosing to major in philosophy at the undergraduate level, and so other factors may be turning them off the discipline at an early stage.
As people grow older, those who are securely attached to God are more likely to have a sense of well-being -- and the more frequently they pray, the greater that feeling, according to a Baylor University study. But those who feel more distant from God do not receive the same benefit.