Accountable Care Organizations -- or ACOs -- formed for the first time in 2011, designed to combat rising medical costs and provide more coordinated care to Medicare patients. But the savings have been inconsistent nationwide. A new Portland State University study looked at what's driving those inconsistencies and what ACOs might do to resolve the issue.
A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine has found that citizen science is reshaping research. It can greatly facilitate large-scale research by providing opportunities to study more topics while teaching people more about science and enhancing science education. The report is one of the first of its kind to examine the available information on citizen science projects and, through peer-reviewed evidence, clearly identify trends, weaknesses and opportunities for growth.
Researchers at Texas Heart Institute and UCLA crossed a major milestone in the development of a wirelessly powered, leadless pacemaker and further advanced the possibility of using wirelessly powered, biventricular pacing to address cardiac resynchronization challenges. In Nature Research Scientific Reports, they reported the first proof of the novel pacing system's ability to provide synchronized biventricular pacing in a closed chest and open chest, preclinical research model.
Academics at UCL have identified 18 reasons why megaprojects such as HS2 and Crossrail often fail, as well as 54 preventative solutions. For the first time, academics developed a systematic literature review of the causes and cures of poor megaproject performance. They identified six key themes and looked at areas where a project might fail, analysing the problems and solutions. The study was published in Project Management Journal.
Addressing the widespread concern over transparency and reproducibility in biomedical research, one of the largest institutions in German science has begun to provide a framework, interventions, and incentives for improving the quality and value of translational research. The program is described by its leader, Ulrich Dirnagl of Berlin Institute of Health (BIH), and colleagues in a new article publishing on Feb. 11 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology.
Pooja Mehta, MD, clinical assistant professor of obstetrics & gynecology at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, was a member of a research team that found 13% of deaths occurring during or up to one year after pregnancy among Louisiana women in 2016-17 were homicides.
A study analyzing LSU Health's Louisiana Tumor Registry and other NCI-designated tumor registry data found that by the time recommended screening for colorectal begins, cancers have already spread in a high percentage of people.
A study by ASU researchers looks at how culture may have fueled our capacity to cooperate with strangers. The idea is that culturally different groups compete, causing the spread of traits that give groups a competitive edge.
A new survey from dermatology and emergency medicine researchers at the George Washington University suggests that the dermatology community is inadequately prepared for a biological disaster and would benefit from a formal preparedness training program.
A new study in The Economic Journal finds that likeability is an influencing factor in interactions between women, as well as interactions between men and women, but not in all-male interactions.