Freiburg scientists elucidate the mechanism for the transport of water-insoluble protein molecules in mitochondria
The latest in a series of congressionally mandated biennial reviews of the evidence of health problems that may be linked to exposure to Agent Orange and other herbicides used during the Vietnam War found sufficient evidence of an association for hypertension and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). The committee that carried out the study and wrote the report, Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 11 (2018), focused on the scientific literature published between Sept. 30, 2014, and Dec. 31, 2017.
Scientists from Bradford warn of increased chemical weapons risk during a period of very rapid scientific change.
A team of physicists and a virologist, led by a scientist at the University of California, Riverside, explains how large virus shells are formed. Their work can also be used also to explain how large spherical crystals form in nature. This understanding may help researchers interrupt viruses' formation, containing the spread of viral diseases.
Researchers have identified a compound that strongly inhibits botulinum neurotoxin, the most toxic compound known. That inhibiting compound, nitrophenyl psoralen (NPP), could be used as a treatment to reduce paralysis induced by botulism. Botulinum neurotoxin is considered a potential bioweapon because there is no FDA-approved antidote. The research is published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.
Sometimes nothing feels better on stiff, aching joints than a little heat. But many heating pads and wraps are rigid and provide uneven warmth, especially when the person is moving around. Researchers have now made a wearable heater by modifying woven Kevlar® fabric with nanowires that conduct and retain heat. They report their results in ACS' journal Nano Letters.
A group of ground beetles known as bombardier beetles are famous for shooting a boiling-hot, noxious liquid at would-be attackers, but despite their formidable defense, they prefer not to shelter alone, according to a study publishing Oct. 31 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Jason Schaller and colleagues from the University of Arizona in Tucson, USA.
A team of scientists led by Professor Richard Layfield at the University of Sussex has published breakthrough research in molecule-based magnetic information storage materials.
A project by a research agency of the US Department of Defense could easily be misused for developing biological weapons.
Exposure to banned nerve agents remains a major public health concern globally, especially because of the recent air-release of these agents in Syria. One main problem is the difficulty of determining whether an exposure has occurred. Now, a new study demonstrates that the mammalian microbiome can act as a 'sentinel' due to its high responsiveness to exposure.