The conservation of lions, while also maintaining the well-being of people that live around them, is a complex problem that should be addressed by a wide-range of professionals working together. Rather than focusing solely on human-lion interaction, other factors such as the environment, wild prey and domesticated livestock need to be considered to get a full evaluation of the problem. This approach should help address the dramatic decrease in lion populations seen in recent years.
Academic societies may be able to increase gender equity through supporting female leadership and making an outward commitment of equality, according to a study published May 30, 2018 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Dominique Potvin from University of the Sunshine Coast, Hervey Bay, Australia and colleagues.
An international team of researchers, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has discovered a novel method for the synthesis of ultrathin semiconductors.
ANU archaeologist Dr. Catherine Frieman unearths an intact 4,000-year-old human cremation in clay pottery urn on a Cornish site she discovered by accident.
A new study led by a UTSA researcher examines the social perceptions of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP), a medication to prevent HIV, among gay and bisexual men in Texas. Over a six-month period, UTSA assistant professor Phillip Schnarrs worked with education, health care and nonprofit partners to survey more than 100 gay and bisexual men from the White, Latino and African-American communities about their perceptions of PrEP.
A study analyzed the traditional model of education versus the flipped classroom model -- where pre-recorded lectures are viewed outside of the classroom and in-person class time is devoted to interactive exercises, discussions, and group projects. The results showed there were no statistically significant differences in test scores or students' assessments of the flipped classes. However, students reported that the flipped format allowed for greater flexibility.
A new, innovative approach to lung cancer treatment, administration of immunotherapy prior to surgery yielded encouraging outcomes in findings from SU2C-CRI Dream Team researchers. Two doses of anti-PD1 immunotherapy nivolumab several weeks prior to surgery was found to be safe; 45 percent of the trial patients showed little evidence of disease upon follow-up; and patients' immune systems intercepted circulating tumor cells to potentially prevent recurrence and metastasis, consistent with SU2C's research focus on Cancer Interception.
Preprints -- scientific manuscripts that are posted at a recognized online repository before peer review -- have the potential to speed up the reporting of scientific research in infectious disease outbreaks, argue Michael Johansson and colleagues in an Essay in PLOS Medicine.
An international team of researchers, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has succeeded in developing a new type of underwater adhesives that are tougher than the natural biological counterpart.
When scientists have an interesting idea, the result is usually a joint publication. At the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Cracow, it has been shown that tracking the dependencies between co-authors, one can not only see the paths along which scientific ideas flow, but also reconstruct the structure of scientific cooperation and detect emerging communities. Interestingly, the proposed method of analysis can be an effective tool to fight terrorists and...dishonest politicians.