New research from the University of Portsmouth has called for stronger industry legislation in developing countries to help fight business monopolies reducing competition.
A study into used electrical and electronic equipment sent to Nigeria, mostly from Europe, reveals a continuing 'severe problem' of non-compliance with rules governing such shipments. Of roughly 60,000 metric tons sent from other countries in 2015 and 2016, at least 15,400 tons was non-functioning e-waste, exports/imports of which are illegal. Almost 70 percent -- 41,500 tons -- arrived inside vehicles destined for Nigeria's secondhand auto market, thus avoiding normal inspections.
A large proportion of malaria patients in endemic countries in Africa are likely to receive doses of malaria medicine that are too low to offer effective treatment, according to new research presented at the MIM Conference taking place in Dakar this week. Researchers found that an estimated 21.3 million people -- or 24 percent of all confirmed malaria cases--were at risk of being prescribed inadequate doses of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACTs), the frontline treatment against Plasmodium falciparum malaria.
A new study with disadvantaged women in Uganda using measures of self-efficacy, perceived stress, and mental and physical quality of life, found significant differences between a group practicing Transcendental Meditation and controls after three months. Results indicate improved ability to cope with difficult situations, decreased perceived stress, and improved clarity of mind and physical vitality. In follow-up questionnaires after 8 and 36 months, the women reported improvements in health, employment, and social relationships.
The Joint Research Centre, the European Commission's science and knowledge service, analyze global survey data which sheds light on the motivations of people who decide to migrate.
Pre-school children in sub-Saharan Africa should be tested regularly for a common infection known as snail fever, which would reduce the spread of the disease.
Ten years of progress globally in the fight against malaria have masked the rapid rise of infections and deaths in African countries experiencing conflict and famine, though new strategies implemented in places like the Central African Republic, South Sudan, and northern Nigeria could provide a way forward, according to research presented this week at the 7th Multilateral Initiative on Malaria (MIM) Pan African Malaria Conference.
A new study suggests that in high transmission areas of sub-Saharan Africa, nearly one in four blood bank supplies contain the parasites that cause malaria. Additional research, focusing on the blood supply of Equatorial Guinea's capital, Malabo, found slightly higher levels of latent malaria infection, most of it -- more than 89 percent -- at a level that commonly used diagnostic technology cannot detect. Both studies were presented at the 7th Multilateral Initiative on Malaria (MIM) Pan African Malaria Conference in Dakar, Senegal.
Results from a PATH study in Uganda, now published in the journal Contraception, show that self-injection of subcutaneous DMPA may help women to continue using injectable contraception longer than women who receive traditional intramuscular injections from providers. Over the course of a 12-month study period, 81 percent of DMPA self-injection participants continued to use the product. Meanwhile, 65 percent of the 600 women who received injections from a health worker continued using the product.
Cysticercosis, an infection caused by larval cysts of a pork tapeworm, is a leading cause of seizures and epilepsy in many parts of the world. Now, researchers writing in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have for the first time assessed the impact of cysticercosis hospitalizations in Spain.