More than 70 countries reported a total anesthesia provider number of less than five per 100,000 population. All except one were low- and middle-income countries. There is a 50-fold difference between the anesthesia provider workforce density in the United States compared with Indonesia despite comparable population sizes. The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery suggests that 2.28 million additional anesthesiologists, surgeons and obstetricians will be needed globally by 2030.
A new study of 67 less-developed, malaria-endemic nations led by Lehigh University sociologist Dr. Kelly Austin, finds a link between deforestation and increasing malaria rates across developing nations.
A first-ever global study finds massive inequity of access to and quality of health care among and within countries, and concludes people are dying from causes with well-known treatments.
A study led by Dr. YUE Xu from CAS Institute of Atmospheric Physics provides the first systematic assessment of the effects of ozone and aerosol haze pollution on terrestrial ecosystem health and land carbon assimilation in China, for the present day and two possible future scenarios.
A field study in Malawi reveals psychological factors played an important role in whether girls attended school, even under conditions of extreme poverty and deprivation: Girls were significantly more likely to attend class when they were intrinsically excited about school and learning, even when they struggled with a lack of basic resources at home.
Malaria is a global killer and a world health concern. But while millions of dollars are spent each year searching for innovative health solutions, new research from the University of Alberta suggests part of the answer may begin with mothers in the classroom. The research, published in the journal Pathogens and Global Health, found that maternal education can act as a 'social vaccine' for childhood malaria infection. The higher a mother's education, the lesser chance of their child being infected with malaria.
In a new study published in PLOS Medicine, Valeria Cetorelli and colleagues report findings from their retrospective household survey of displaced survivors in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, providing documented insight into the extent of the persecution by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) against the Yazidi population of Sinjar, Iraq, and in particular the disproportionate burden of killings and kidnappings of children.
US grant programs that provided training to international military and civilian personnel since 1995 are tied to fewer conflict-related civilian casualties in foreign countries that were recipients of the US security aid. However, arms-sales programs are ineffective at improving human rights in those countries that purchase US weapons and services.
A new process for water filtration using carbon dioxide consumes one thousand times less energy than conventional methods, scientific research published recently has shown.
Longstanding weaknesses in America's Middle East strategy, spanning at least four decades, mean new options are needed to defeat the Islamic State (IS) in Iraq and Syria, stabilize the Middle East and reestablish a sense of domestic security in the US and Europe, according to a new RAND report.