In the mid-1990s, 1,000 truckloads of orange peels and orange pulp were purposefully unloaded onto a barren pasture in a Costa Rican national park. Today, that area is covered in lush, vine-laden forest.
Social media can be a useful tool to find out how widespread the misuse of prescribed opioid drugs is, or to track the dynamics of opioid misuse in a given locality over time. This is according to a study in Springer Nature's Journal of Medical Toxicology. Lead author Michael Chary and his team analyzed more than 3.6 million tweets and found that the information about opioid misuse was significantly correlated with federal surveys.
Two scientific review papers show that abstinence-only-until-marriage programs and policies in the United States are ineffective as they do not delay sexual initiation or reduce sexual risk behaviors. They also violate adolescent human rights, withhold medically accurate information, stigmatize or exclude many youth, reinforce harmful gender stereotypes, and undermine public health programs. Abstinence-only-until-marriage programs have been widely rejected by health professionals who care for young people, including the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine.
Probation and parole officers and their frontline supervisors widely differ on their views of the power of the frontline supervisor, according to a new study that includes a University of Kansas researcher.
The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) applauds the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission for yesterday's announcement of a final rule that updates the definition of medical events for permanent implant brachytherapy and protects patients' access to this treatment.
Brun says, "Unchecked, biases in data and software run the risk of perpetuating biases in society. For example, prior work has demonstrated that racial bias exists in online advertising delivery systems, where online searches for traditionally-minority names were more likely to yield ads related to arrest records. Such software behavior can contribute to racial stereotypes and other grave societal consequences."
First UK experiment on policing domestic abuse finds 35 percent fewer men reoffending against partners -- and reoffenders causing less harm to victims -- when mandated to attend charity-run discussion course. Researchers call on Government to approve rollout of program across England and Wales.
A team of university researchers has devised the first automated techniques to identify ads potentially tied to human trafficking rings and link them to public information from Bitcoin -- the primary payment method for online sex ads. They found they could identify groups of ads with a common author. They then tested an automated system that utilizes publicly available information from the Bitcoin mempool and blockchain to find connections between ads.
A new analysis of 27 national public opinion polls by 12 survey organizations finds the failure of the recent US Senate debate over proposals to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA) relates to deep divisions among Republicans, and between Republicans and Democrats, on the future of the ACA. The analysis suggests the debate outcome was influenced by a substantial growth in public support for the principle that the federal government should ensure that all Americans have health insurance coverage.
New technologies for analyzing DNA may transform how imperiled species are considered and managed for conservation protection, according to a study published today in the journal Science Advances and led by the University of California, Davis. These technologies can be applied to a wide range of species around the world -- from mushrooms to walruses -- but the study focuses on two iconic species of Pacific salmon: steelhead and chinook.