A research team at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia has developed an innovative computational tool offering researchers an efficient method for detecting the different ways RNA is pieced together (spliced) when copied from DNA. Because variations in how RNA is spliced play crucial roles in many diseases, this new analytical tool will provide greater capabilities for discovering disease biomarkers and therapeutic targets, even from RNA-sequencing data sets with modest coverage.
Imagine that you live in the rainforests of Southeast Asia, you're a pint-sized primate with enormous eyes and you look a little like Gizmo from the movie, 'Gremlins.' You're a tarsier -- a nocturnal animal whose giant eyes provide you with exceptional visual sensitivity, enabling a predatory advantage. A new virtual reality (VR) software, Tarsier Goggles, developed at Dartmouth College, simulates a tarsier's vision and illustrates the adaptive advantage of this animal's oversized eyes.
A University of Maryland-led research team has developed a flexible, wood-based membrane that someday could turn body heat into electricity.
Patients with lupus are at increased risk of heart disease. Exposing endothelial cells -- known to protect against heart disease, in part by producing nitric oxide -- to the serum of patients with lupus decreased nitric oxide production. Administering L-sepiapterin restored that production. These findings, reported by Medical University of South Carolina researchers in Lupus Science & Medicine, provide proof-of-concept that the enzyme is a promising therapeutic target for heart disease in lupus and beyond.
On March 25, 2019 Tropical Cyclone Veronica continued to move in southerly direction along the coast of Western Australia in the Southern Indian Ocean. NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite provided a visible image of the storm.
A machine-learning model from MIT researchers computationally breaks down how segments of amino acid chains determine a protein's function, which could help researchers design and test new proteins for drug development or biological research.
NASA calculated the rainfall rates occurring in Tropical Cyclone Joaninha as it moved through the open waters of the Southern Indian Ocean.
In response to serious new security flaws found in almost every computer chip on the market today, researchers at Technische Universität Kaiserslautern, Germany, in collaboration with scientists at Stanford, have developed a mathematical algorithm to automate and expedite the process of finding flaws in future designs prior to production.
Cellulose soaked in a carefully designed polymer mixture acts as a sensor to measure pressure, temperature and humidity -- at the same time! The measurements are completely independent of each other. The sensor may be highly significant in fields such as robotics, healthcare and security.
Since the historic finding of gravitational waves from two black holes colliding over a billion light years away was made in 2015, physicists are advancing knowledge about the limits on the precision of the measurements that will help improve the next generation of tools and technology used by gravitational wave scientists. Physicists at Louisiana State University measure quantum "back action" in the audio band at room temperature.