Graphene Flagship researchers created a technology that could lead to new devices for faster, more reliable ultra-broad bandwidth transfers. For the first time, researchers demonstrated how electrical fields boost the non-linear optical effects of graphene. The research, published in Nature Nanotechnology, was carried out by a team of Graphene Flagship partners led by the Cambridge Graphene Centre at the University of Cambridge in collaboration with Politecnico di Milano and IIT- Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia in Genova, both in Italy.
Researchers have developed a computer program that represents a key step toward better understanding the connections between mutant genetic material and disease.
Researchers at the Indiana University Observatory on Social Media have launched upgrades to two tools playing a major role in the fight against the spread of misinformation online.
Chemists at the University of California, San Diego designed the first artificial protein assembly (C98RhuA) whose conformational dynamics can be chemically and mechanically toggled. The Maverick GPU-based supercomputer at the Texas Advanced Computing Center simulated the system through an allocation on NSF-funded XSEDE, the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment. The research, published in April 2018 in Nature Chemistry, could help create new materials for renewable energy, medicine, water purification, and more.
MIT engineers have developed a new virtual-reality training system for drones that enables a vehicle to 'see' a rich, virtual environment while flying in an empty physical space. The system, which the team has dubbed 'Flight Goggles,' could significantly reduce the number of crashes that drones experience in actual training sessions. It can also serve as a virtual testbed for any number of environments and conditions in which researchers might want to train fast-flying drones.
The purposes and the challenges of Earth Biogenome Project, which aims at sequencing the genome from all eukaryotic species, are described in article at PNAS. Objectives include not only biodiversity conservation but also exploring biotechnology's broad applications, capable of generating great economic input - especially for developing countries boasting rich ecological heritage.
The sounds of amphibians are altered by the increase in ambient temperature, a phenomenon that, in addition to interfering with reproductive behaviour, serves as an indicator of global warming. Researchers at the University of Seville have resorted to artificial intelligence to create an automatic classifier of the thousands of frog and toad sounds that can be recorded in a natural environment.
Pure quartz glass is highly transparent and resistant to thermal, physical, and chemical impacts. These are optimum prerequisites for use in optics, data technology or medical engineering. For efficient, high-quality machining, however, adequate processes are lacking. Scientists of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have developed a forming technology to structure quartz glass like a polymer. This innovation is reported in the journal Advanced Materials.
By turning a time-intensive research problem into an interactive game, Princeton neuroscientist Sebastian Seung has built an unprecedented data set of neurons, which he is now turning over to the public via the Eyewire Museum. Maps of retinal ganglion cells were developed machine learning paired with hundreds of thousands of person-hours volunteered by Eyewire gamers who have pieced together these neural cells, using data from a mouse retina gathered in 2009.
Among the chief complaints for smartphone, laptop and other battery-operated electronics users is that the battery life is too short and -- in some cases -- that the devices generate heat. Now, a group of physicists led by Deepak K. Singh, associate professor of physics and astronomy at the University of Missouri, has developed a device material that can address both issues. The team has applied for a patent for a magnetic material that employs a unique structure -- a 'honeycomb' lattice that exhibits distinctive electronic properties.