While the charge and spin properties of electrons are widely utilized in modern day technologies such as transistors and memories, another aspect of the subatomic particle has long remained uncharted. This is the 'valley' property which has potential for realizing a new class of technology termed 'valleytronics' -- similar to electronics (charge) and spintronics (spin). This property arises from the fact that the electrons in the crystal occupy different positions that are quantum mechanically distinct.
- Nature Photonics
- National Science Foundation, Columbia-CCNY NSF MRSEC Center, US Army Research Office, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.