The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission relied on faulty analysis to justify its refusal to adopt a critical measure for protecting Americans from nuclear-waste fires at dozens of reactor sites around the country, according to an article in the May 26 issue of Science magazine. Radioactivity from such a fire could force approximately 8 million people to relocate and result in $2 trillion in damages.
Clostridium botulinum is the bacterium that causes the neurointoxication, which produces one of the most potent toxins on earth and is classified as a potential bioterrorism threat. While no cure exists -- and botulism treatment options are limited -- a serendipitous discovery by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) may provide a new therapy that can stop the neurotoxin even in its more severe, advanced stages of action.
Significant commercial investment in wearable vision systems for personal communications and entertainment is driving rapid advances in miniature optoelectronics components and consumer-driven applications. A special section in this month's issue of Optical Engineering, published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics, aims to help boost progress across development in automotive, industrial, and military applications.
A single process for how a group of molecules called nucleotides were made on the early Earth, before life began, has been suggested by a UCL-led team of researchers.
Writing in the International Journal of Collaborative Intelligence, researchers from Nigeria suggest that botnets and cyber attacks could interfere with infrastructure, healthcare, transportation, and power supply to as devastating an effect as the detonation of explosives of the firing of guns.
Researchers at Sam Houston State University (SHSU) hope to unmask manufacturers of homemade explosives using new advancements in DNA technology.
Power grid vulnerabilities are one of the most prevalent national security threats. The technical community calls for building up grid resiliency using distributed energy and microgrids for stabilization as multiple sources increases the difficulty of triggering cascading blackouts, and following an attack or natural disaster, microgrids can provide localized energy security. An interdisciplinary team from Michigan Tech calculated what it takes to make military bases more secure.
A Florida State chemistry professor created a plutonium compound that behaves much more like lighter elements, giving scientists new information about how this element works.
Better medical responses to the accidental or intentional release of inhaled toxic chemicals are being developed, but the field faces considerable challenges, according to a new report by an international panel of experts. The report, 'Chemical Inhalation Disasters: Biology of Lung Injury, Development of Novel Therapeutics, and Medical Preparedness,' has been published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.
Northeastern researchers Yung Joon Jung and Swastik Kar have developed a way to detect nuclear materials that far outpaces any existing method.