There is a strong link between the amount of fast food that pre-school age children consume and their likelihood of becoming overweight or obese, according to a new Dartmouth-led study, published in the journal Pediatric Obesity.
Vitamin C administration shortened the duration of mechanical ventilation in critical care patients, but the effect depended on the severity of illness.
Two popular forms of bariatric surgery may dramatically change women's sensitivity to and absorption of alcohol - but patients may be unaware, according to research led by professor of food science and human nutrition M. Yanina Pepino, left. Maria Belen Acevedo, a postdoctoral research associate in the department, was the first author of the study
Caltech researchers find that when rodents are prevented from consuming feces, their small-intestine microbiota more closely resembles the microbial communities found in human intestines.
Potatoes are often equated with refined grains due to their carbohydrate content. Yet, potatoes contain fiber, resistant starch, and micronutrients that Americans need more of. A randomized crossover study that included 50 generally healthy adults directly compared the nutrient quality and impact on cardiometabolic risk factors of non-fried potatoes to refined grains. Its findings demonstrate that potatoes did not affect markers of glycemia and was associated with better diet quality compared to refined grains.
In warm coastal waters around the world, swimmers can often spot large groups of jellyfish pulsing on the seafloor. It is best to avoid areas that upside-down jellyfish inhabit: getting close can lead to irritating stings, even without contact. Researchers have taken a close look at the cause of this mysterious 'stinging water.' Now, a team of scientists reports in Communications Biology, a journal from Nature Research, on the culprit -- a toxin-filled mucus the jellyfish release into the water.
CHLA investigators show that early exposure to a carbohydrate found in breast milk, called 2'FL, positively influences neurodevelopment.
Food waste is a big problem in the United States. According to the US Department of Agriculture, food waste is estimated at between 30-40 percent of the food supply. New research in the INFORMS journal Manufacturing & Service Operations Management finds that increasing the number of grocery stores in certain areas can drastically decrease waste.
Sociable people have a higher abundance of certain types of gut bacteria and also more diverse bacteria, an Oxford University study has found.
As a result of climate change, more frequent and longer drought periods are predicted in the future. Drought risks are suggested to decrease agricultural yield. Researchers at the University of Bayreuth and the Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF) have now discovered a way to mitigate this problem: Amorphous silica is able to significantly increase the amount of available water for plants.