Starting weanling pigs off with the right diet can make all the difference for the health and productivity of the animal. A new University of Illinois study shows amino acids from a new torula yeast product are more digestible by young pigs than amino acids from fish meal.
The study conducted at IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca shows that the practice of Transcendental Meditation has positive effects on psychological well-being and that these effects are correlated with measurable changes in the brain.
As power plants and energy stores, mitochondria are essential components of almost all cells in plants, fungi and animals. Until now, it has been assumed that these functions underlie a static structure of mitochondrial membranes. Researchers at the Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf and the UCLA Los Angeles have now discovered that the inner membranes of mitochondria are not static, but constantly change their structure every few seconds in living cells.
Flies belonging to the genus Drosophila combat oxidative stress by removing excess fat from their blood. This remarkable mechanism proves that evolution has no shortage of answers to a problem that affects all life on Earth.
The protein β-arrestin-2 increases the accumulation of brain-damaging tau tangles, a cause several forms of dementia, by interfering with removal of excess tau from the brain, a new study by the University of South Florida Health (USF Health) Morsani College of Medicine found. The research suggests a new treatment approach that could be preventive for those at risk or with mild cognitive impairment, and also for those with Alzheimer's disease and other overt dementias caused by tau.
As the day progresses, the strength of the brain's global signal fluctuation shows an unexpected decrease, according to a study published on February 18, 2020 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Csaba Orban and a multi-disciplinary team of scientists from the Faculty of Engineering, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine and N.1 Institute of Health at the National University of Singapore.
Rice kinesiologists found specific health deficits in home-schooled adolescents compared to their peers in public schools.
For the first time, scientists have found a way to reveal the mechanics of the human body's 'steering wheel' -- the subtalar joint.
Researchers in the National Institute for Physiological Sciences compared functional properties of TRPA1 which serves as a receptor for noxious heat and chemicals among mosquito species. Thermal and chemical responses of TRPA1 were different among several mosquito species. In addition, avoidance from warmth was also differed between two mosquito species inhabiting tropical or temperate zones, respectively. These findings partly suggest that sensory perception to noxious stimuli varies among mosquito species.
Individuals who exhibit life-course-persistent antisocial behaviour - for example, stealing, aggression and violence, bullying, lying, or repeated failure to take care of work or school responsibilities - may have thinner cortex and smaller surface area in regions of the brain previously implicated in studies of antisocial behaviour more broadly, compared to individuals without antisocial behaviour, according to an observational study of 672 participants published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal.