An alignment of researchers, health ministries and the World Health Organization has outlined the steps to develop a global program to control scabies -- the parasitic disease affecting 450 million people annually in mainly low-income countries. The paper published in The Lancet journal was led by Murdoch Children's Research Institute, in collaboration with the International Alliance for the Control of Scabies, the World Health Organization, researchers and the Ethiopian, Solomon Islands and Fijian Health Ministries.
The use of prevalent technologies and crowdsourced data may benefit weather forecasting and atmospheric research. The data from these new 'sensors' could be assimilated into high-resolution numerical prediction models, and thus may lead to improvements in forecasting capabilities. The contribution to public health and safety as a result could potentially be of significant value.
In the first study of its kind, LSU Health New Orleans researchers report that women's pre-pregnancy overweight or obesity produces changes in breast milk, which can affect infant growth.
Reliable information on prices and availability of medicines is the main foundation for improving access to medicines through development of public policy and evidence-based programs.
Cooking vegetables in the sofrito (sauté) with extra virgin olive oil favours the absorption and release of bioactive compounds of its traditional ingredients (garlic, onion and tomato), according to the study published in the journal Molecules about the role of gastronomy in the health-improving effects of the Mediterranean Diet.
Researchers at the University of Bristol are working on a project to develop wearable rehabilitative devices that can help disabled people sit, stand and walk in comfort.
A Cleveland, Ohio nursing scientist is leading a study he believes will support what he says is a much-needed change in how medical helicopters are used -- especially for transfers between hospitals. Andrew Reimer and his team hope to turn that information into a computer-generated checklist to determine which patients will benefit from an air transfer -- and which won't.
A shift from brain systems controlling reward-driven use to habit-driven use differentiates heavy cannabis users who are addicted to the drug from users who aren't, according to a study in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, published by Elsevier. The findings help explain how the brain becomes dependent on cannabis, and why not all cannabis users develop an addiction, even with long-term regular use.
Attempts to treat anorexia as a mental illness have largely failed, claim Swedish scientists. The group insist that eating disorders be considered just that -- disordered eating, not mental disorder. The proof, they say, is in the eating.
Half of Ebola outbreaks have gone undetected since the virus was discovered in 1976, scientists at the University of Cambridge estimate. The new findings come amid rising concern about Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and highlight the need for improved detection and rapid response to avoid future epidemics.