Our carbon emissions are much higher than are needed for us to have happy, healthy lives. But cutting these emissions requires us to think differently about how we measure growth and progress.
East Africa is one of the most vulnerable regions in the world to extreme weather and climate events. This new research improves ability to accurately assess the development and impact of climate change. An analysis of several sources in the region identified the most suitable sources of high-quality climate and hydrological data. The data can be used to identify hot spots and plan adaptation and mitigation measures at previously impossible finer spatial scale.
Up to 15 million hectares of the Brazilian Amazon is at risk of losing its legal protection, according to a new study from researchers at Chalmers University of Technology and KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden, and the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil. This is equivalent to more than 4 times the entire forest area of the UK.
Analysis of ancient DNA of a mysterious extinct monkey named Xenothrix -- which displays bizarre body characteristics very different to any living monkey -- has revealed that it was in fact most closely related to South America's titi monkeys (Callicebinae). Having made their way overwater to Jamaica, probably on floating vegetation, their bones reveal they subsequently underwent remarkable evolutionary change.
Geographers from the National University of Singapore have found that coastal vegetation such as mangroves, seagrasses, and salt marshes may be the most effective habitats to mitigate carbon emissions.
Known as the 'China Water Tower', the Sanjiangyuan region is headwaters of the Yellow River, Yangtze River and Lancang-Mekong River. The streamflow and vegetation cover decreased during the end of last century, while they started to recover in recent 20 years. A new study tries to find out reasons of the change.
Princeton researchers explore methods of using carefully controlled droplets as a way to make soft, biomimetic structures. The trick comes in controlling the droplets, which form under competing influences like gravity and surface tension. A new study, published Oct. 26 in Nature Communications, explains how a deeper understanding of these highly dynamic forces can be harnessed to cheaply and quickly fabricate objects that normally require a more expensive and time-consuming process.
Around 75 percent of marine biodiversity in Finnish waters is left unprotected, reveals a performance assessment of the country's current Marine Protected Area network. Increasing protection by just 1 percent in the most biodiverse areas could double conservation of the most important species. In addition to identifying areas of high conservation value, the methodology can also be used in ecosystem-based marine spatial planning and impact avoidance, including siting of wind energy, aquaculture and other human activities.
Banks, pension funds and other institutional investors have a key role to play in efforts to avoid dangerous climate change. A limited number of these investors have considerable influence over the Amazon rainforest and boreal forests that are known 'tipping elements' in the climate system Protecting these 'tipping elements' should be a priority for investors to help reduce both climate change and systemic financial risks created by it.
Several emerging mosquito-management methods require the transport of mosquitoes to precise locations. There, lab-reared mosquitoes -- for instance, sterilized males -- mix with wild mosquitoes and hinder the population's ability to reproduce or transmit disease. But, getting mosquitoes from lab to wild presents logistical challenges. A team led by researchers at New Mexico State University are tackling this problem and have made a surprising discovery about just how tightly live mosquitoes can be packed up.