NBA stars on winning teams are more likely to follow teammates on Twitter than high status players on bad teams are, according to a new study by the University of Cincinnati. UC anthropology professor Jeremy Koster examined the relationships of 330 players on 30 NBA teams who used the social network Twitter during the 2014-15 season. The study was published in the journal PLOS One.
A new University at Buffalo study finds that undermatching -- when high-performing students, often from economically-disadvantaged households, attend less competitive colleges than their qualifications permit -- correlates to another higher education dilemma: delayed graduation. The study shows that students who undermatch are less likely to graduate college within four or six years compared to peers who do not undermatch.
Rational behavior is not the only thing that keeps Russians from throwing away food; many food-handling practices have been shaped by socio-cultural factors, including the gastronomic trauma suffered in times of famine and scarcity. Valeria Erguneva and Darya Asaturyan from HSE University have studied some of the cultural attitudes towards food loss and waste in Russia.
Increased rates of active travel (e.g., walking or cycling) to school in New Zealand children and youth were associated with shorter distances to school, and neighborhoods with more connected streets, less residential density, and lower socio-economic status, reveals a new systematic meta-analysis published in Journal of Transport and Health.
The US mental health system faces considerable challenges in delivering behavioral healthcare to populations in need. In a special supplement to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, experts focus on the key issue of behavioral health human resources for which substantial investment is needed to effect change. Articles in this issue cover research on workforce planning, service delivery and practice, and workforce preparation, and advocate for intelligent allocation of resources to ensure all clients have access to behavioral healthcare.
A new study from a research team from the Georgia Institute of Technology found that a majority of scientists disclose key details about their work informally to peers and potential collaborators ahead of publishing in a peer reviewed journal or presenting the findings publicly.
The higher the unemployment rates in Western European countries, the more likely it is that socio-political destabilization will occur. At the same time, the highest levels of unemployment in Eastern European countries are accompanied by anti-government protests of very low intensity. These conclusions have been made by experts at the Higher School of Economics in the paper 'Unemployment as a predictor of socio-political destabilization in Western and Eastern European countries.'
New research identifying climate vulnerability hotspots has found that the number of people affected by multiple climate change risks could double if the global temperature rises by 2 degrees C, compared to a rise of 1.5 degrees C.
In an article published in Nature Sustainability, scientists argues that environmental protection should be a priority for the 'Belt and Road' initiative. This Chinese project would then represent not only an investment to foster international trade but also an opportunity for sustainable development leadership. Among the team, who calls for rigorous strategic environmental and social assessments, are researchers from CIBIO-InBIO in Portugal, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg and German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv).
This paper examines the unintended consequences of governance and economic reform efforts in post-Mao China through ethnographic examination of state audits, market reforms, and the recent anti-corruption campaign.