UCSB chemical engineers uncover ways to pattern solid surfaces to enhance how water interacts with them
Researchers at the University of Stuttgart are exploring how supercritical carbon dioxide could serve as a cleaner, safer, and more flexible working fluid in power plants than supercritical water by using supercomputing resources and machine learning.
Structural coloration means that the microstructure of an object causes various colors to appear. For industry, this is an attractive alternative to coloring with pigments. But so far, scientists had primarily experimented with nanostructures observed in nature, or with simple, regular designs. Computer scientists from IST Austria and KAUST now take a different, innovative approach: their tool automatically creates 3D print templates for nanostructures for user-defined colors, and their structures do not follow any particular pattern.
A ground-breaking advancement in materials research by successfully developing the world's first-ever 4D printing for ceramics, which are mechanically robust and can have complex shapes. This could turn a new page in the structural application of ceramics.
Researchers at the University of Connecticut used electrospray technology to create ultra-thin, ultra-smooth polyamide membranes for reverse osmosis. This scalable process allows for better control of a membrane's fundamental properties, avoids the use of chemical baths, and can be applied to a variety of membrane separation processes.
Rice University engineers develop magnetic nanoparticles that separate the last droplets of oil from produced water at wells.
3D printing by direct laser writing enables production of micro-meter-sized structures for many applications, from biomedicine to microelectronics to optical metamaterials. Researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have now developed 3D inks that can be erased selectively. This allows specific degradation and reassembly of highly precise structures on the micrometer and nanometer scales. The new photoresists are presented in the journal Nature Communications.
University of Melbourne researchers have developed a software tool that uses applied mathematics and big data analytics to predict the boundary of where a landslide will occur, two weeks in advance.
A team led by researchers from the University of Geneva, Switzerland, has designed a family of molecules capable of binding to metal ions present in its environment and providing an easily detectable light signal during binding. This new type of sensor forms a 3D structure whose molecules consist of a ring and two luminescent arms that emit a particular type of light in a process called circular polarized luminescence, and detect ions, such as sodium.
It's nearly impossible to break a dry spaghetti noodle into only two pieces. A new MIT study shows how and why it can be done.