Atomic-scale optical spectroscopy revealed huge Raman scattering when an atomic point contact is formed between a plasmonic silver tip and a single-crystal silicon surface. The huge Raman scattering allows to observe selectively surface phonons of the single-crystal silicon and to resolve the atomic-scale structures. Atomic point contact Raman scattering paves the way for ultrasensitive atomic-scale vibrational spectroscopy to investigate surface structures.
An international team of physicists has shown experimentally for the first time how a Bose-Einstein condensate - tens of thousands of quanta of 'liquid light' - is formed in the thinnest monatomic film of a semiconductor crystal. The team includes the head of the Spin Optics Laboratory at St Petersburg University, Professor Alexey Kavokin. This discovery will help create new types of lasers capable of producing qubits - the main integral parts of quantum computers of the future.
Researchers have developed an organic-inorganic hybrid crystal which consists of chains in a single direction, yet still forms two-dimensional layers in spite of this. This makes it possible to combine different material components, like pieces in a construction set, to create tailored materials with innovative properties.
Scientists at the University of Nottingham have developed an ultrasonic imaging system which can be deployed on the tip of a hair-thin optical fibre. The device is the first ultrasonic fibre imaging tool to breach the GHz frequency range; a regime in which mechanical vibrations begin to behave as particles (phonons). This frequency range unlocks unprecedented imaging resolution for ultrasonic fibre-probes, which could be used to probe disease on the cellular level in hard-to-reach environments.
Scientists at the Institute for Basic Science realized the higest laser intensity reached in history. The record-breaking laser intensity over 1023 W/cm2 enables us to explore novel physical phenomena occurring under extreme physical conditions.
Researchers have demonstrated a record-high laser pulse intensity of over 1023 W/cm2 using the petawatt laser at the Center for Relativistic Laser Science (CoReLS), Institute for Basic Science in the Republic of Korea. It took more than a decade to reach this laser intensity, which is ten times that reported by a team at the University of Michigan in 2004. These ultrahigh intensity light pulses will enable exploration of complex interactions between light and matter in ways not possible before.
Nanoscope Technologies LLC, a biotechnology company developing gene therapies for treatment of retinal diseases, is featuring multiple scientific presentations highlighting its groundbreaking research on optical gene delivery for vision restoration and OCT-guided electrophysiology platforms for characterization of retinal degeneration and assessment of efficacy of cell-gene therapy at the 2021 ARVO annual (virtual) meeting, May 1-7. Nanoscope's Multi-Characteristics Opsin (MCO) when delivered into cells to reprograms cells to sense ambient light, thus allowing vision restoration in patients with retinal degeneration.
Some of the world's greatest innovations, such as Leonardo da Vinci's flying machine, owe their strength and elegance to natural design. Researchers from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign have returned their gaze to the natural world to develop a camera inspired by the mantis shrimp that can visualize cancer cells during surgery.
University of Maryland Professor Howard Milchberg and research group demonstrate the surprising result that photons in vacuum can have orbital angular momentum (OAM) vectors pointing sideways, at 90 degrees to the direction of propagation - a result literally orthogonal to the decades-long expectation that OAM vectors could only point forward or backward.
Researchers at Tampere University Photonics Laboratory have demonstrated how two interfering photons can bunch into various shapes. These complex shapes are beneficial for quantum technologies, such as performing fast photonic quantum computations and safe data transfer. The method opens new possibilities also for creating enhanced measurement and sensing techniques.