By combining seaweed-derived alginate with the nanomaterial graphene oxide, Brown University researchers have developed a new material that's durable and can respond dynamically to its environment.
Rutgers scientists have developed catalysts that can convert carbon dioxide -- the main cause of global warming -- into plastics, fabrics, resins and other products.
Fuel cells that work with the enzyme hydrogenase are, in principle, just as efficient as those that contain the expensive precious metal platinum as a catalyst. However, the enzymes need an aqueous environment, which makes it difficult for the starting material for the reaction -- hydrogen -- to reach the enzyme-loaded electrode. Researchers solved this problem by combining previously developed concepts for packaging the enzymes with gas diffusion electrode technology.
Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington have filed a provisional patent application on a new copper compound that can be used to purify ethylene for use as a raw material in the production of plastics such as polyethylene or PVC, as well as other industrial compounds.
Rice University scientists develop flexible organic photovoltaics with a chemical additive that mitigates the material's brittle qualities. At the right concentration, thiol-ene molecules infiltrate the polymer material and form a mesh that makes the entire material stretchable without losing efficiency.
Scientists from the Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)--a US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility at Brookhaven National Laboratory--have dramatically improved the response of graphene to light through self-assembling wire-like nanostructures that conduct electricity.
Scientists from Russia found a way of improving the crystal structure prediction algorithms, making the discovery of new compounds multiple times faster.
Protein nanopores can be found naturally in cell membranes, and act as biological gateways. Yet they can also be useful for the detection of specific bioactive molecular chains, like sugar chains, which are responsible for key interactions at the cell level, such as molecules from the glycosaminoglycan family.
Researchers have set a new efficiency record for LEDs based on perovskite semiconductors, rivalling that of the best organic LEDs (OLEDs).
Andre Taylor, associate professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering and collaborators fashioned low-cost EMI-blocking composite films, employing spin-spray layer-by-layer processing (SSLbL), a method pioneered by Taylor, letting them produce high-quality films in less time than traditional methods, such as dip coating.