One of the saltiest bodies on Earth, an analog for what water might look like on Mars, is just one piece of a larger aquifer.
There are at least 1,215 historic coastal landfill sites in England, mostly clustered around estuaries with major cities, including Liverpool, London, and Newcastle on Tyne. An investigation by researchers, published today (Thursday Nov. 16) in WIREs Water finds that 122 sites are at risk of starting to erode into coastal waters by 2055 if not adequately protected.
A new study confirms what marine mammal researchers have suspected for a while: right whales use nearly the entire eastern seaboard during the winter, and they move around a lot more than was previously thought. How long they spend in some areas of their range has also changed in recent years.
An investigation of the microbial environment at Laguna La Brava in Chile may suggest that novel microorganisms might be at work in the absence of cyanobacteria, according to a study published Nov. 15, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Maria Eugenia Farias from Laboratorio de Investigaciones Microbiológicas de Lagunas Andinas, Argentina, and colleagues.
Reservoirs of oxygen-rich iron between the Earth's core and mantle could have played a major role in Earth's history, including the breakup of supercontinents, drastic changes in Earth's atmospheric makeup, and the creation of life, according to recent work from an international research team published in National Science Review.
Productivity and stability of forest ecosystems strongly depend on the functional diversity of plant communities. UZH researchers have developed a new method to measure and map functional diversity of forests at different scales -- from individual trees to whole communities -- using remote sensing by aircraft. Their work paves the way for future airborne and satellite missions to monitor global plant functional diversity.
Drought is the world's costliest natural disaster. To monitor, detect and quantify drought, many drought indices have been developed. Previous studies have shown that different indices can yield diverse results for a specific drought event, and a drought index can also give different results depending on the method used for the calculation of potential evapotranspiration (PET). Scientists from the Institute of Atmospheric Physics compared the spatiotemporal characteristics of global drylands and tried to find the best drought indice.
New research shows how canny baboons in Cape Town use a sit-and-wait tactic before raiding people's homes in search of food.
Owing to the limited available time of the observational data, the related studies of decadal or multidecadal variation of ENSO and East Asian Summer Monsoon (EASM) have their own drawbacks. Therefore, climate model becomes an important tool. Using a coupled climate model with a 1,000-year simulation, scientists from CAS Institute of Atmospheric Physics investigate the multidecadal variations of the EASM-ENSO interannual relationship. The EASM-ENSO interannual relationship is found to have experienced multidecadal variations.
Protecting 'high carbon' rainforest areas also protects threatened wildlife.