Government policy and infrastructure have a substantial impact on hospitalization of older adults, according to a University of Waterloo study. The study examined the experiences of 254,664 patients in home-care programs and 162,045 residents in long-term care in Alberta, British Columbia and Ontario.
College affirmative action bans may adversely affect the health of underrepresented minority high school students, according to the results of a new study from researchers at Penn Medicine. Between 1996 and 2013, nine US states banned consideration of race and ethnicity in college admissions. A new study in PLOS Medicine shows that the action bans had unanticipated effects, specifically resulting in increased rates of smoking among minority high school students.
While serious economic and societal issues continue to swirl around the gender pay gap, new research published in the INFORMS journal Organization Science shows one area where this inequality is starting to disappear -- higher education. Researchers have found that the gender pay gap disappears at more prestigious universities.
Discipline and how it is administered in schools across the US continues to be a hotly debated topic. Now a University of Kentucky doctoral graduate's expansive research on the subject has been published in the Journal of School Psychology and is gaining widespread attention from teachers, administrators, and researchers.
The internet has facilitated the growth of online advertising over the past decade, and online advertising has moved from being a peripheral to a central advertising medium because of its unique targeting capabilities. Yet, green industry firms struggle to integrate online advertising into their existing advertising strategy.
Parents with higher reading-related knowledge are not only more likely to have children with higher reading scores but are also more attentive when those children read out loud to them.
The use of cartoon characters in ads for e-cigarettes and e-liquids may be attracting young people to use the products in the future, according to a new USC study.
An alignment of researchers, health ministries and the World Health Organization has outlined the steps to develop a global program to control scabies -- the parasitic disease affecting 450 million people annually in mainly low-income countries. The paper published in The Lancet journal was led by Murdoch Children's Research Institute, in collaboration with the International Alliance for the Control of Scabies, the World Health Organization, researchers and the Ethiopian, Solomon Islands and Fijian Health Ministries.
In the first study of its kind, LSU Health New Orleans researchers report that women's pre-pregnancy overweight or obesity produces changes in breast milk, which can affect infant growth.
A centralized, consistently reported system of indicators of educational equity is needed to bring attention to disparities in the US education system, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Indicators -- measures used to track performance and monitor change over time -- can help convey why disparities arise, identify groups most affected by them, and inform policy and practice measures to improve equity in pre-K through 12th grade education.