A study of an unusual snapping turtle with one lung found shared characteristics with humans born with one lung who survive beyond infancy. Digital 3-D anatomical models created by Emma Schachner, PhD, Assistant Professor of Cell Biology & Anatomy at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, made the detailed research possible.
While simulation platforms have been used to train surgeons before they enter an actual operating room (OR), few studies have evaluated how well trainees transfer those skills from the simulator to the OR. Now, a study led by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute that used noninvasive brain imaging to evaluate brain activity has found that simulator-trained medical students successfully transferred those skills to operating on cadavers and were faster than peers who had no simulator training.
A new roundtable report from the Institute for Scientific Information on Coffee (ISIC) in association with the British Liver Trust, on 'Looking after the liver: coffee, caffeine and lifestyle factors' highlights the potential role of coffee consumption in reducing the risk of liver diseases such as liver cancer and cirrhosis, with some studies reporting risk reduction of up to 70%
A team led by University of Idaho scientists has found a way to stimulate formation of new neural connections in the adult brain in a study that could eventually help humans fend off memory loss, brain trauma and other ailments in the central nervous system.
Researchers find that people who drink alcohol or men who smoke are more likely to suffer a failed dental filling. The research team also found a genetic difference in some patients associated with increased filling failure rates. In contrast, no major difference in filling failure rates was found between traditional amalgam and newer composite resin fillings. The results suggest that personalized dental treatments could lead to improved outcomes.
NASPAG position statement on surgical management of DSD.
Researchers at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE) at the University of Toronto and Western University released a new study today, taking an unconventional approach to understanding the significant effects of domestic violence in the workplace. By seeking the views of the perpetrators of violence, the study found that domestic violence perpetration, like victimization, has costs to the workplace in terms of worker safety and productivity and that most employers lack adequate resources to help perpetrators deal with the issue.
The Report to Congress on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Graduate Nurse Education Demonstration has just been released documenting health care workforce gains addressing the nation's shortage of primary care. The $200 million initiative is the first to test whether Medicare funding of graduate clinical education of Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs) would help meet national health care workforce needs similar to residency training for physicians. The answer is yes.
In an opinion piece in the journal eLife, eight scientists and science policy experts make the case for standardizing how postdoctoral researchers are categorized by human resources offices and provide a framework that institutions can follow.
A case control study of armed forces veterans with mild traumatic brain injury or persistent post-concussion syndrome, with or without PTSD, has found significant improvements in persistent post-concussion syndrome and PTSD symptoms, memory, intelligence quotient, attention, cognition, depression, quality of life, and brain blood flow, as well as a significant reduction in suicidal ideation and anxiety following hyperbaric oxygen therapy.