Pushing nanoscale battery developments in the right direction can help create a sustainable transport sector.
A new report by leaders in computational methods and reproducibility lays out recommendations for ways researchers, institutions, agencies and journal publishers can work together to standardize sharing of data sets and software code. The paper 'Enhancing reproducibility for computational methods' appears in the journal Science.
New research on the 2014 Ebola epidemic tracks the rate at which infections move from one district to another and how often infections cross the borders between countries. This study, published in PLOS Computational Biology, could be used to analyze breakouts of new infectious diseases -- even when little is known about the transmission characteristics of the new infection.
Water is vital to life on Earth, yet from a scientific point of view, much remains unknown about water and its many solid phases, which display a plethora of unusual properties and so-called anomalies that, while central to water's chemical and biological importance, are often viewed as controversial. This inspired researchers to pursue a better understanding of water and ice as materials, which has a far-reaching impact on many areas of research.
Masaharu Isobe of the Nagoya Institute of Technology led international collaborators using event-driven algorithms to calculate the equilibrium states of 2-D hard particle systems at different pressures to determine if the dynamic facilitation theory was applicable to these systems. The results agreed with two main general predictions of the theory: that localized effective excitations facilitated relaxation and relaxation times lengthened with increasing pressure.
A new technique based in information theory promises to improve researchers' ability to interpret ice core samples and our understanding of the earth's climate history.
The 2015 Renewable Energy Data Book shows that US renewable electricity grew to 16.7 percent of total installed capacity and 13.8 percent of total electricity generation during the past year.
In a paper published online Nov. 30, 2016, in Melanoma Management, Adam Riker, M.D., Professor of Surgery and Chief of Surgical Oncology at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, reviews approaches to manage melanoma, including one tested at LSU Health New Orleans that provoked a complete response in a patient with a long history of the disease.
Population is growing, climate is warming - hence, emission of ammonia trace gas from e.g. agriculture will increase worldwide. Recently, scientists of KIT for the first time detected ammonia in the upper troposphere. They analyzed satellite measurements and found increased amounts of ammonia between 12 and 15 km height in the area of the Asian monsoon. This suggests that ammonia is responsible for the formation of aerosols, smallest particles that might contribute to cloud formation.
Some guppies have a better sense of maths than others. It allows some to find the biggest shoal possible in which to be protected against predators, while others are better at choosing fruitful foraging ground. This is according to research conducted by Tyrone Lucon-Xiccato and Marco Dadda of the University of Padova in Italy in Springer's journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.