How does the Japanese tree frog figure into the latest work of noted mathematician Steven Strogatz? As it turns out, quite prominently. Cornell researchers used the curious mating ritual of male Japanese tree frogs as inspiration for their exploration of 'swarmalators' -- their term for systems in which both synchronization and swarming occur together.
A solid median, wide shoulders, minimal hills -- and a high speed limit? Brigham Young University researchers explore freeway features that minimize crash risk.
A tool designed to more accurately predict the risk of heart attack in older patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery works significantly better than traditional risk assessment tools. By having more accurate information, older patients and their physicians can make an informed decision on whether to undergo surgery.
Rice University materials scientists lead a project to turn strong, light and compressible schwarzites from theory to reality with three-dimensional printers. The resulting materials share their properties from the nano- to the macroscale.
Lobachevsky University (UNN) scientists, Associate Professor of the History and Theory of International Relations Department Alexander Petukhov and Head of the Department of Psychophysiology Sofya Polevaya, are studying the modeling of the cognitive dissonance phenomenon. They rely on the theory of information images and a mathematical model developed on the basis of this theory.
A new computational model of heart tissue allows researchers to estimate the probability of rare heartbeat irregularities that can cause sudden cardiac death. The model, developed by Mark Walker and colleagues from Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, and IBM Research, Yorktown Heights, N.Y., is presented in PLOS Computational Biology.
Can a close look at the universe give us solutions to problems too difficult for a computer -- even if we built a computer larger than a planet? Physicist Stephen Jordan reflects on this question in a new NIST video, along with a scientific paper that considers one particular tough problem the universe might answer.
How to levitate your coffee creamer: An MIT study explains how droplets can 'float' on liquid surfaces.
The dry, semi-arid regions are expanding into higher latitudes, and temperate, rainy regions are migrating poleward. In a paper that that was recently published in Nature Geoscience, Weizmann Institute of Science researchers provide new insight into this phenomenon by discovering that mid-latitude storms are steered further toward the poles in a warmer climate.
In 'A Theory of How Columns in the Neocortex Enable Learning the Structure of the World,' published in Frontiers in Neural Circuits, Numenta researchers propose a new theory for how the brain learns models of objects through movement. The paper introduces a missing ingredient to sensory input processing: a location signal relative to the object being sensed. An accompanying repository containing the paper's source code, data and scripts allows other scientists to reproduce the results.