Engineers at the University of California, Riverside have developed a new way to recover almost 100 percent of the water from highly concentrated salt solutions. The system will alleviate water shortages in arid regions and reduce concerns surrounding high salinity brine disposal, such as hydraulic fracturing waste.
Researchers report that CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing technology can introduce hundreds of unintended mutations into the genome.
ICFO develops the first graphene-based camera, capable of imaging visible and infrared light at the same time. The camera will be useful for many applications such as night vision, food inspection, fire control, vision under extreme weather conditions, among others. The imaging system is based on the first monolithic integration of graphene and quantum dot photodetectors with a CMOS read-out integrated circuit. This allows for low-cost mass-production.
Nature Geoscience study analyzes global satellite observations, shows vegetation alters climate and weather patterns by as much as 30 percent. The researchers used a new approach and found feedbacks between the atmosphere and vegetation can be strong, explaining up to 30 percent of variability in precipitation and surface radiation. The paper is the first to examine biosphere-atmosphere interactions using purely observational data, could improve weather and climate predictions critical to crop management, food security, and more.
A University of Utah-led team has discovered that a class of 'miracle materials"'called organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites could be a game changer for future spintronic devices that use the direction of the electron spin -- either up or down -- to carry information in 1s and 0s. The researchers discovered that the perovskites possess two contradictory properties necessary to make spintronic devices work.
A team at the Wyss Institute of Biologically Inspired Engineering led by Pamela Silver, Ph.D., designed a powerful bacterial sensor with a stable gene circuit in a colonizing bacterial strain that can record gut inflammation for six months in mice. This study offers a solution to previous challenges associated with living diagnostics and may bring them closer to use in human patients. The findings are reported in Nature Biotechnology.
Overheated cities face climate change costs at least twice as big as the rest of the world because of the 'urban heat island' effect, new research shows.
The International Neuromodulation Society has selected six best scientific abstracts for its 13th World Congress whose research findings represent insights that may facilitate expanded, increasingly tailored care. The oral abstracts will be presented in a plenary session May 29. Winners of the abstract competition will be formally acknowledged during the General Assembly of members May 30.
Scientists from Western University and the University of Portsmouth are using new imaging techniques to measure the atomic nanostructure of ancient crystal fragments at meteorite impact sites. The end goal? To understand when impacts ended and life began.
MIT engineers have uncovered the secret to the exceptional toughness of conch shells, and say the same principles can be used for body armor and helmets.