Bioinformatics is a new and rapidly growing research discipline at the intersection of biology and computer science that seeks to develop new methods for the collection, analysis, storage and retrieval of biological information. The term, bioinformatics, initially arose to describe the information-collection activities involving DNA sequence data in
GenBank and the
Human Genome Project. More recently, the term has been applied more broadly to include all biological databases.
Those related activities include biomedical informatics, biodiversity informatics and neuroinformatics. Sometimes referred to as computational biology, bioinformatics is generally defined as the activity that deals with the processing of large amounts of data associated with genomics, specifically the management of DNA-sequence information. Many other related disciplines, such as functional genomics, proteomics and molecular medicine, are dependent upon advances in bioinformatics.