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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 967.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>

Public Release: 23-Feb-2017
New link found between sex and viruses
Sexual reproduction and viral infections both rely on a functionally identical protein, according to new research. The protein enables the fusion of two cells, such as a sperm cell and egg cell, or the fusion of a virus with a cell membrane. The discovery suggests that the protein evolved early in the history of life on Earth, and new details about the protein's function could help fight parasitic diseases such as malaria.
National Institutes of Health, Welch Foundation, European Research Council, Pasteur Institute, French National Center for Scientific Research

Contact: Matthew Wright
University of Maryland

Public Release: 22-Feb-2017
Proteins in your runny nose could reveal a viral infection
It may seem obvious, but the key to confirming whether someone is suffering from a cold or flu virus might lie at the misery's source -- the inflamed passages of the nose and throat. Duke Health scientists have identified a group of proteins that, when detected in specific quantities in the mucous, are 86 percent accurate in confirming the infection is from a cold or flu virus, according to a small, proof-of-concept trial published online in the journal EBioMedicine.
US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Clinical Science Research and Development Service of the Veterans Affairs Office of Research and Development

Contact: Samiha Khanna
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Feb-2017
Nature Methods
Deep Learning predicts hematopoietic stem cell development
Autonomous driving, automatic speech recognition, and the game Go: Deep Learning is generating more and more public awareness. Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München and their partners at ETH Zurich and the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now used it to determine the development of hematopoietic stem cells in advance. In 'Nature Methods' they describe how their software predicts the future cell type based on microscopy images.

Contact: Dr. Carsten Marr
Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health

Public Release: 21-Feb-2017
2017 HIMSS Annual Conference and Exhibition
Children's Mercy honored as recipient of the 2017 Microsoft Health Innovation Awards
Children's Mercy has been named a recipient of Microsoft Corp.'s 2017 Health Innovation Awards for its Cardiac High Acuity Monitoring Program (CHAMP). Nearly 2,000 babies are born each year with congenital heart disease consisting of a single ventricle. CHAMP combines traditional single-ventricle home monitoring, a service where nurse coordinators provide triage at home for highly fragile infants, with an innovative new app developed by the Ward Family Heart Center team at Children's Mercy.

Contact: Jake Jacobson
Children's Mercy Hospital

Public Release: 20-Feb-2017
Molecular Ecology
Scientists explore the evolution of a 'social supergene' in the red fire ant
Scientists from Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) have discovered that the chromosome responsible for the social organisation of colonies of the highly invasive fire ant is likely to have evolved via a single event rather than over time.

Contact: Neha Okhandiar
Queen Mary University of London

Public Release: 19-Feb-2017
2017 AAAS Annual Meeting
GBSI reports encouraging progress toward improved research reproducibility by year 2020
One year after Global Biological Standards Institute issued its Reproducibility2020 challenge and action plan for the biomedical research community, the organization reports encouraging progress toward the goal to significantly improve the quality of preclinical biological research by year 2020. The Report is the first comprehensive review of community-led action and impact to improve life sciences research reproducibility since the issue became more widely known in 2012, and it outlines priorities going forward.

Contact: Carol Miller
Global Biological Standards Institute

Public Release: 18-Feb-2017
2017 AAAS Annual Meeting
GA4GH at AAAS 2017
The Global Alliance for Genomics and Health (GA4GH), an international coalition of academic, industry, and patient groups that aims to foster a culture of data-sharing between researchers and clinicians, will host a symposium in the Medical Sciences and Public Health track of the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) on Feb. 18, 2017, at 1 p.m. in room 309 of the Hynes Convention Center in Boston, Mass.

Contact: Angela Page
Global Alliance for Genomics and Health

Public Release: 16-Feb-2017
IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS) flagship conference International Conference
Real-time MRI analysis powered by supercomputers
Researchers from the Texas Advanced Computing Center, The University of Texas Health Science Center and Philips Healthcare have developed a new, automated platform capable of returning in-depth analyses of MRI scans in a matter of minutes, rather than hours or days. The system has the potential to minimize patient callbacks, save millions annually, and advance precision medicine.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 16-Feb-2017
Molecular Biology and Evolution
Ötzi the Iceman: Researchers validate the stability of genetic markers
Biomarkers are biological attributes that can give doctors or researchers clues about the health status or illnesses of a patient. Scientists are placing great hope in a new type of biomarker, so-called microRNAs. These short ribonucleic acid molecules are notable for their very high level of stability. Researchers at Saarland University, the University of Luxembourg and the Eurac Research center in Bozen have now established that such microRNAs can remain stable even after 5,300 years.

Contact: Gordon Bolduan
Saarland University

Public Release: 16-Feb-2017
PLOS Computational Biology
When your eyes override your ears: New insights into the McGurk effect
Seeing is not always believing -- visual speech (mouth movements) mismatched with auditory speech (sounds) can result in the perception of an entirely different message. This mysterious illusion is known as the McGurk effect. In new research, published in PLOS Computational Biology, neuroscience researchers have created an algorithm to reveal key insight into why the brain can sometimes muddle up one of the most fundamental aspects of the human experience.

Contact: Michael Beauchamp

Public Release: 15-Feb-2017
Journal of Applied Crystallography
New synchrotron powder diffraction facility for long running experiments
Synchrotron beamlines and their instruments are built to harness the photon beam power of synchrotron radiation (SR), which has special properties -- ideally suited to providing detailed and accurate structural information that is difficult to obtain from conventional sources.

Contact: Dr. Jonathan Agbenyega
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 15-Feb-2017
Ebolaviruses need very few mutations to cause disease in new host species
Ebola is one of the world's most virulent diseases, though rodent species such as guinea pigs, rats and mice are not normally susceptible to it. However, through repeated infection of a host animal, Ebola virus strains can be generated that replicate and cause disease within new host rodent species.

Contact: Sandy Fleming
University of Kent

Public Release: 15-Feb-2017
Unlocking the genetic secrets of legendary bulls
Researchers are are unpacking the entire DNA sequences of 50 influential animals dating back to the 1950s, then honing in on the genes associated with specific traits in order to capture the best genetics in the Brahman breed.
University of Queensland, Queensland Government

Contact: Steve Moore
University of Queensland

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
Genome Biology
Biological experiments become transparent -- anywhere, any time
Biological experiments are generating increasingly large and complex sets of data. This has made it difficult to reproduce experiments at other research laboratories in order to confirm -- or refute -- the results. The difficulty lies not only in the complexity of the data, but also in the elaborate computer programs and systems needed to analyze them. Scientists from the University of Luxembourg have now developed a new tool that will make the analysis of biological and biomedical experiments more transparent and reproducible.

Contact: Thomas Klein
University of Luxembourg

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
Do children inherit drug protection from parents exposed to nicotine or drugs?
A father's nicotine use may have a significant impact on children's risk of some diseases. In a study published in the online biomedical sciences journal eLife, Oliver J. Rando, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues at UMass Medical School, demonstrate that mice born of fathers who are habitually exposed to nicotine inherit enhanced chemical tolerance and drug clearance abilities.

Contact: Jim Fessenden
University of Massachusetts Medical School

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Finding our way around DNA
A Salk team developed a tool that maps functional areas of the genome to better understand disease.

Contact: Salk Communications
Salk Institute

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
How many calories in that tweet?
A team of scientists have invented an instrument for measuring calories in social media. This 'lexicocalorimeter' gathers tens of millions of geo-tagged Twitter posts from across the United States and presents a portrait of each state's calorie balance based on food and activity words. The results correlate closely with traditional measures of well-being and the approach could become a new remote-sensing tool for public health officials. The results were published in PLOS ONE.

Contact: Joshua Brown
University of Vermont

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Genome Biology
How to be a successful pest: Lessons from the green peach aphid
UK Scientists, in collaboration with groups in Europe and the US, have discovered why the green peach aphid (Myzus persicae) is one of the most destructive pests to many of our most important crops. Their research will inform industry and research programmes to support pest control and aid global food security.

Contact: Hayley London
Earlham Institute

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Disease 'superspreaders' were driving cause of 2014 Ebola epidemic
A new study about the overwhelming importance of 'superspreaders' in some infectious disease epidemics has shown that in the catastrophic 2014-15 Ebola epidemic in West Africa, about 3 percent of the people infected were ultimately responsible for infecting 61 percent of all cases. Researchers are now learning more about who these people are.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, National Institutes of Health, UK Medical Research Council

Contact: Benjamin Dalziel
Oregon State University

Public Release: 10-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
50+ year-old protein volume paradox resolved
Research published this week in Nature Communications makes it possible to predict how volume for a given protein will change between the folded and unfolded state. Computations accurately predict how a protein will react to increased pressure, shed light on the inner-workings of life in the ocean depths, and may also offer insights into alien life.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Martialay
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 10-Feb-2017
Nucleic Acids Research
One step closer to personalized antibiotic treatment
A new super-fast and cheap method called poreFUME can now shed light on the pool of resistance genes in the gut faster than before. This can lead to treatment of infections sooner and with better results.
Novo Nordisk Foundation

Contact: Morten O. A. Sommer
Technical University of Denmark

Public Release: 9-Feb-2017
Neural network learns to select potential anticancer drugs
Scientists from Mail.Ru Group, Insilico Medicine and MIPT for the first time have applied a generative neural network to create new pharmaceutical medicines with the desired characteristics. They intend to use technologies developed and trained to 'invent' new molecular structures to search for new medications within various areas from oncology to CVDs and even anti-infectives.
Russian Government Program of Competitive Growth of Kazan Federal University, Government ofthe Russian Federation, Insilico Medicine

Contact: Asya Shepunova
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Public Release: 9-Feb-2017
Neural Computation
The Internet and your brain are more alike than you think
Salk scientist finds similar rule governing traffic flow in engineered and biological systems.

Contact: Salk Communications
Salk Institute

Public Release: 9-Feb-2017
Bacteria sleep, then rapidly evolve, to survive antibiotic treatments
Using quantitative approaches from physics, Hebrew University biophysicists discovered a surprising way that bacteria can evolve resistance to antibiotics. After evolving a sleeping mechanism, the bacteria can then wake up and evolve resistance 20 times faster than normal -- at which point continuing to administer antibiotics won't kill the bacteria. The results indicate that tolerance may play a crucial role in the evolution of resistance in bacterial populations under cyclic exposures to high antibiotic concentrations.
European Research Council, Israel Science Foundation, Dalia and Dan Maydan Fellowship

Contact: Dov Smith
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Public Release: 9-Feb-2017
PLOS Biology
How best to treat infections and tumors: Containment versus aggressive treatment
A new mathematical analysis by researchers at Penn State University and the University of Michigan, publishing Feb. 9, 2017, in the Open-Access journal PLOS Biology, identifies the factors that determine whether aggressive treatments or containment strategies will perform best in treating infections and tumors, providing physicians and patients with new information to help them make difficult treatment decisions.

Contact: Andrew Read

Showing releases 126-150 out of 967.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>