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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 426-450 out of 968.

<< < 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 > >>

Public Release: 8-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New technology platform propels the use of 'organs-on-chips'
BWH has developed a novel technology platform that enables the continuous and automated monitoring of so-called 'organs-on-chips' -- tiny devices that incorporate living cells to mimic the biology of bona fide human organs.

Contact: Johanna Younghans
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 8-Mar-2017
Scientific Reports
Uncovering new relationships and organizational principles in protein interaction networks
Proteins, those basic components of cells and tissues, carry out many biological functions by working with partners in networks. The dynamic nature of these networks -- where proteins interact with different partners at different times and in different cellular environments -- can present a challenge to scientists who study them.
Stowers Institute for Medical Research, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Kim Bland
Stowers Institute for Medical Research

Public Release: 8-Mar-2017
A three-dimensional map of the genome
Cells face a daunting task. They have to neatly pack a several meter-long thread of genetic material into a nucleus that measures only five micrometers across. This origami creates spatial interactions between genes and their switches, which can affect human health and disease. Now, an international team of scientists has devised a powerful new technique that 'maps' this three-dimensional geography of the entire genome. Their paper is published in Nature.

Contact: Vera Glaßer
Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine in the Helmholtz Association

Public Release: 7-Mar-2017
Physiological Reviews
Moscow State University scientists reveal the secret of naked mole-rat longevity
The work provides strong arguments in support of new break-through hypothesis explaining the phenomenon of exceptional longevity of naked mole-rat (Heterocephalus glaber, an African rodent). According to the hypothesis these animals managed to slow down the process of individual development and it resulted in a dramatic increase of the period of youth and decelerated aging. A similar process has begun in humans as well.
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russian Scientific Foundation

Contact: Maxim Skulachev
Lomonosov Moscow State University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Black swan' events strike animal populations
A new analysis by the University of Washington and Simon Fraser University is the first to document that 'black swan' events also occur in animal populations and usually manifest as massive, unexpected die-offs.
David H. Smith Conservation Research Fellowship, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canada Research Chairs Program, Richard C. and Lois M. Worthington Endowed Professorship in Fisheries Management

Contact: Michelle Ma
University of Washington

Public Release: 6-Mar-2017
Journal of The Royal Society Interface
Breakthrough in live coral imaging
Interdisciplinarity Scientists at University of Copenhagen (Denmark), University of Technology Sydney (Australia), and Oregon Health University (USA) have used a well-known biomedical imaging technique called optical coherence tomography (OCT) to obtain fascinating insights to the structural organization and dynamics of reef-building corals. Their results have just been published in the multidisciplinary Journal of the Royal Society Interface.

Contact: Michael Kühl
Faculty of Science - University of Copenhagen

Public Release: 3-Mar-2017
Genome Biology
Revealing Aspergillus diversity for industrial applications
In a Feb. 14, 2017 study published in Genome Biology, an international team report sequencing the genomes of 10 novel Aspergillus species, which were compared with the eight other sequenced Aspergillus species. With this first ever genus-wide view, the international consortium found that Aspergillus has a greater genomic and functional diversity than previously understood, broadening the range of potential applications for the fungi considered one of the most important workhorses in the biotechnology.
Department of Energy Office of Science

Contact: Massie Ballon
DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Public Release: 3-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Can math help explain our bodies -- and our diseases?
The incredible complexity of how biological systems interact to create tissue from the information contained in genes boggles the mind -- and drives the work of biomedical scientists around the world. Now, a pair of mathematicians has introduced a new way of thinking about these concepts that may help set the stage for better understanding of our bodies and other living things.

Contact: Kara Gavin
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Public Release: 3-Mar-2017
PLOS Computational Biology
Genome editing: Pressing the delete button on DNA
Until recently, genomics was a «read-only» science. But scientists led by Rory Johnson at the University of Bern and the Centre for Genomic Regulation in Barcelona, have now developed a tool for quick and easy deletion of DNA in living cells. This software will boost efforts to understand the vast regions of non-coding DNA, or «Dark Matter», in our DNA and may lead to discovery of new disease-causing genes and potential new drugs.
Spanish Ministry of Science, Catalan Government, European Reserarch Council, European Comission, FP7, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, SNF «RNA & Disease» NCCR, University of Bern

Contact: Laia Cendrós
Center for Genomic Regulation

Public Release: 3-Mar-2017
The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
'Smart' genetic library -- making disease diagnosis much easier
Researchers have developed a smart genetic reference library for locating and weeding out disease-causing mutations in populations. The technique and database has successfully estimated naturally occurring rare-variants in the STAT1 gene -- and determined the diseases that would result. The STAT1 genetic library could be expanded to include other genes in forming a vast genetic reference library. Its use in conjunction with genome sequencing technologies would help determine new found mutations and assist in fighting disease.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Japan Agency for Medical Research and development, Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, GSK Japan, Kurozumi Medical Foundation

Contact: Norifumi Miyokawa
Hiroshima University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2017
Cleveland takes new steps to tackle 'superbugs'
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center are teaming up to take on the rising problem of antibiotic resistance.

Contact: Marc Kaplan
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2017
Ecological Society of America 2017 Annual Meeting
Ecological Society of America announces 2017 award recipients
The Ecological Society of America (ESA) will present the 2017 awards recognizing outstanding contributions to ecology in new discoveries, teaching, sustainability, diversity, and lifelong commitment to the profession on Aug. 7, 2017, during the Society's Annual Meeting in Portland, Ore.

Contact: Liza Lester
202-833-8773 x211
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Nature Chemical Biology
New tool, RODEO, promises to capture the breadth of microbial biosynthetic potential
A new bioinformatics advance from the University of Illinois reveals the power of 'big data' genome technology to help us make better use of nature's inventions: a team of researchers led by Associate Professor of Chemistry Douglas Mitchell has created a tool that searches through microbial genomes, identifying clusters of genes that indicate an organism's ability to synthesize therapeutically promising molecules.
National Institutes of Health, American Chemical Society, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Robert C. and Carolyn J. Springborn Endowment for Student Support Program

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Research Ideas & Outcomes
Guidelines for scholarly publishing of biodiversity data from Pensoft and EU BON
Based on Pensoft's long-year experience in advancing academic publishing, and updated during the Framework Program 7 EU BON project, a new set of policies and guidelines for scholarly publishing of biodiversity and biodiversity-related data is published in the EU BON open science collection in Research Ideas and Outcomes (RIO Journal). The paper discusses some general concepts, such as incentives to publish data, and also defines and compares several routes for data publishing.

Contact: Lyubomir Penev
Pensoft Publishers

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
The ultimate power nap
Behavioural studies of elephant sleep in zoos record that they sleep around four hours per day and can sleep standing up or lying down -- but how much do they sleep and how do they sleep in their natural environment? Wits researchers have made use of small activity data loggers, scientific versions of the well-known consumer fitness and wellness tracker, Fitbit, to study the sleeping patterns of elephants in the wild.

Contact: Schalk Mouton
University of the Witwatersrand

Public Release: 28-Feb-2017
Open Science Prize goes to software tool for tracking viral outbreaks
After three rounds of competition -- one of which involved a public vote -- a software tool developed by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and the University of Basel to track Zika, Ebola and other viral disease outbreaks in real time has won the first-ever international Open Science Prize.
National Institutes of Health, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Claire Hudson
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 28-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
Do cells have exotic vibrational properties?
A little-understood biological property that appears to allow cell components to store energy on their outer edges is the possible key to developing a new class of materials and devices to collect, store and manage energy for a variety of applications, a team of researchers at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) and Yeshiva University has proposed.

Contact: Tanya Klein
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Public Release: 27-Feb-2017
Matching up fruit flies, mushroom toxins and human health
Some fruit flies build up tolerance to the toxin alpha-amanitin; the genetic mechanisms behind this adaptation link to an important metabolic pathway. A team from Michigan Technological University used genome-wide association mapping to draw the connections for 180 fruit fly lines.
Michigan Tech Seed Grant

Contact: Allison Mills
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2017
New York schools help Cornell monitor local waterways for invasive species
With 7,600 lakes and 70,000 miles of creeks and rivers to monitor, Cornell researchers struggled to stay ahead of round goby and other invasive species -- until they tapped into New York's network of teachers looking to bring science alive for their students. Good story for National Invasive Species Awareness Week (Feb. 27-March 3).
US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Claudia Wheatley
Cornell University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2017
Pitt study provides clues to relationship between schizophrenia and rheumatoid arthritis
Bioinformatics study identifies genetic variants with differing effects on risk of rheumatoid arthritis and schizophrenia.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Arvind Suresh
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 24-Feb-2017
Molecular Biology and Evolution
New algorithm identifies gene transfers between different bacterial species
In a recent study combining machine learning and bioinformatics, a new computational method was developed for modelling gene transfers between different lineages of a bacterial population or even between entirely different bacterial species. The method was used to analyze a collection of 616 whole-genomes of a recombinogenic pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Contact: Academy Researcher Pekka Marttinen
Aalto University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2017
Nature Methods
Size matters... and structure too! New tool predicts the interaction of proteins and RNA
Researchers at the Centre for Genomic Regulation developed Global Score, a method that allows, for the first time, to predict protein interactions with long non-coding RNAs. This algorithm helps scientists prioritize binding partners for experimental validation, which will contribute to our understanding of the role of long non-coding RNAs in normal cell function and in disease.

Contact: Laia Cendrós
Center for Genomic Regulation

Public Release: 23-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
New role of cholesterol in regulating brain proteins discovered
A study demonstrates that the cholesterol present in cell membranes can interfere with the function of an important brain membrane protein, through a previously unknown mode of interaction. Specifically, cholesterol is capable of regulating the activity of the adenosine receptor, by invading it and accessing the active site. This will allow new ways of interacting with these proteins to be devised that in the future could lead to drugs for treating diseases like Alzheimer's.

Contact: Marta Calsina Freixas
IMIM (Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute)

Public Release: 23-Feb-2017
Hitching a ride with a predator
A new study by researchers at the University of Alberta's Department of Biological Sciences is the first to comprehensively examine existing literature to identify broader patterns and suggest ways in which the phenomenon is important for plant populations and seed evolution. Anni Hämäläinen, lead investigator and postdoctoral fellow, explains that predator-assisted seed dispersal is important to colonize and recolonize plant life in the wild.

Contact: Katie Willis
University of Alberta

Public Release: 23-Feb-2017
New link found between sex and viruses
Sexual reproduction and viral infections both rely on a functionally identical protein, according to new research. The protein enables the fusion of two cells, such as a sperm cell and egg cell, or the fusion of a virus with a cell membrane. The discovery suggests that the protein evolved early in the history of life on Earth, and new details about the protein's function could help fight parasitic diseases such as malaria.
National Institutes of Health, Welch Foundation, European Research Council, Pasteur Institute, French National Center for Scientific Research

Contact: Matthew Wright
University of Maryland

Showing releases 426-450 out of 968.

<< < 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 > >>