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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 451-475 out of 970.

<< < 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 > >>

Public Release: 15-Feb-2017
Unlocking the genetic secrets of legendary bulls
Researchers are are unpacking the entire DNA sequences of 50 influential animals dating back to the 1950s, then honing in on the genes associated with specific traits in order to capture the best genetics in the Brahman breed.
University of Queensland, Queensland Government

Contact: Steve Moore
University of Queensland

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
Genome Biology
Biological experiments become transparent -- anywhere, any time
Biological experiments are generating increasingly large and complex sets of data. This has made it difficult to reproduce experiments at other research laboratories in order to confirm -- or refute -- the results. The difficulty lies not only in the complexity of the data, but also in the elaborate computer programs and systems needed to analyze them. Scientists from the University of Luxembourg have now developed a new tool that will make the analysis of biological and biomedical experiments more transparent and reproducible.

Contact: Thomas Klein
University of Luxembourg

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
Do children inherit drug protection from parents exposed to nicotine or drugs?
A father's nicotine use may have a significant impact on children's risk of some diseases. In a study published in the online biomedical sciences journal eLife, Oliver J. Rando, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues at UMass Medical School, demonstrate that mice born of fathers who are habitually exposed to nicotine inherit enhanced chemical tolerance and drug clearance abilities.

Contact: Jim Fessenden
University of Massachusetts Medical School

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Finding our way around DNA
A Salk team developed a tool that maps functional areas of the genome to better understand disease.

Contact: Salk Communications
Salk Institute

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
How many calories in that tweet?
A team of scientists have invented an instrument for measuring calories in social media. This 'lexicocalorimeter' gathers tens of millions of geo-tagged Twitter posts from across the United States and presents a portrait of each state's calorie balance based on food and activity words. The results correlate closely with traditional measures of well-being and the approach could become a new remote-sensing tool for public health officials. The results were published in PLOS ONE.

Contact: Joshua Brown
University of Vermont

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Genome Biology
How to be a successful pest: Lessons from the green peach aphid
UK Scientists, in collaboration with groups in Europe and the US, have discovered why the green peach aphid (Myzus persicae) is one of the most destructive pests to many of our most important crops. Their research will inform industry and research programmes to support pest control and aid global food security.

Contact: Hayley London
Earlham Institute

Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Disease 'superspreaders' were driving cause of 2014 Ebola epidemic
A new study about the overwhelming importance of 'superspreaders' in some infectious disease epidemics has shown that in the catastrophic 2014-15 Ebola epidemic in West Africa, about 3 percent of the people infected were ultimately responsible for infecting 61 percent of all cases. Researchers are now learning more about who these people are.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, National Institutes of Health, UK Medical Research Council

Contact: Benjamin Dalziel
Oregon State University

Public Release: 10-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
50+ year-old protein volume paradox resolved
Research published this week in Nature Communications makes it possible to predict how volume for a given protein will change between the folded and unfolded state. Computations accurately predict how a protein will react to increased pressure, shed light on the inner-workings of life in the ocean depths, and may also offer insights into alien life.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Martialay
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 10-Feb-2017
Nucleic Acids Research
One step closer to personalized antibiotic treatment
A new super-fast and cheap method called poreFUME can now shed light on the pool of resistance genes in the gut faster than before. This can lead to treatment of infections sooner and with better results.
Novo Nordisk Foundation

Contact: Morten O. A. Sommer
Technical University of Denmark

Public Release: 9-Feb-2017
Neural network learns to select potential anticancer drugs
Scientists from Mail.Ru Group, Insilico Medicine and MIPT for the first time have applied a generative neural network to create new pharmaceutical medicines with the desired characteristics. They intend to use technologies developed and trained to 'invent' new molecular structures to search for new medications within various areas from oncology to CVDs and even anti-infectives.
Russian Government Program of Competitive Growth of Kazan Federal University, Government ofthe Russian Federation, Insilico Medicine

Contact: Asya Shepunova
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Public Release: 9-Feb-2017
Neural Computation
The Internet and your brain are more alike than you think
Salk scientist finds similar rule governing traffic flow in engineered and biological systems.

Contact: Salk Communications
Salk Institute

Public Release: 9-Feb-2017
Bacteria sleep, then rapidly evolve, to survive antibiotic treatments
Using quantitative approaches from physics, Hebrew University biophysicists discovered a surprising way that bacteria can evolve resistance to antibiotics. After evolving a sleeping mechanism, the bacteria can then wake up and evolve resistance 20 times faster than normal -- at which point continuing to administer antibiotics won't kill the bacteria. The results indicate that tolerance may play a crucial role in the evolution of resistance in bacterial populations under cyclic exposures to high antibiotic concentrations.
European Research Council, Israel Science Foundation, Dalia and Dan Maydan Fellowship

Contact: Dov Smith
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Public Release: 9-Feb-2017
PLOS Biology
How best to treat infections and tumors: Containment versus aggressive treatment
A new mathematical analysis by researchers at Penn State University and the University of Michigan, publishing Feb. 9, 2017, in the Open-Access journal PLOS Biology, identifies the factors that determine whether aggressive treatments or containment strategies will perform best in treating infections and tumors, providing physicians and patients with new information to help them make difficult treatment decisions.

Contact: Andrew Read

Public Release: 8-Feb-2017
Ludwig research will shift how cancer diversity and resistance are understood and studied
Ludwig researchers discover that circular DNA, once thought to be rare in tumor cells, is actually very common and seems to play a fundamental role in tumor evolution.

Contact: Rachel Steinhardt
Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research

Public Release: 8-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
Why nature restoration takes time
'Relationships' in the soil become stronger during nature restoration. Although all major groups of soil life are already present in former agricultural soils, they are not really 'connected'. These connections need time to (literally) grow, and fungi are the star performers. A European research team led by the Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW) has shown the complete network of soil life for the first time. The results are now published in Nature Communications.
European Union, Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, European Research Council, French National Research Organisation

Contact: Froukje Rienks
Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW)

Public Release: 7-Feb-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New method improves accuracy of imaging systems
New research provides scientists looking at single molecules or into deep space a more accurate way to analyze imaging data captured by microscopes, telescopes and other devices. The findings, published Dec. 26 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, provides a mechanism -- known as single-pixel interior filling function, or SPIFF -- to detect and correct systematic errors in data and image analysis used in many areas of science and engineering.
University of Chicago Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, National Science Foundation

Contact: Greg Borzo
University of Chicago

Public Release: 7-Feb-2017
Journal of Theoretical Biology
Exposure of the half-century old misconception removes limits on life extension
A research paper titled 'Strehler-Mildvan correlation is a degenerate manifold of Gompertz fit' by the scientific team of a biotech company Gero has been published in the new issue of Journal of Theoretical Biology. It states that Strehler-Mildvan correlation has no real biological reasoning behind it and, therefore, there are no limitations to anti-aging interventions.

Contact: Julia Ogun

Public Release: 7-Feb-2017
Bacterial survival strategy: Splitting into virulent and non-virulent subtypes
Scientists have discovered a long-term epigenetic memory switch that controls different modes of bacterial virulence, a bacterial survival strategy for outsmarting the human immune response. The study sheds new light on bacterial virulence strategies, resulting in increased disease severity, higher infection persistence, and improved host-to-host spreading.
European Research Council, Israel Science Foundation, Minerva Foundation

Contact: Dov Smith
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Public Release: 6-Feb-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Genomes in flux: New study reveals hidden dynamics of bird and mammal DNA evolution
Evolution is often thought of as a gradual remodeling of the genome, the genetic blueprints for building an organism. But in some instance it might be more appropriate to call it an overhaul. Over the past 100 million years, the human lineage has lost one-fifth of its DNA, while an even greater amount was added, report scientists at the University of Utah School of Medicine. Until now, the extent to which our genome has expanded and contracted had been underappreciated.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julie Kiefer
University of Utah Health

Public Release: 6-Feb-2017
Nature Ecology and Evolution
Study sheds light on how carnivorous plants acquired a taste for meat
A new study probes the origins of carnivory in several distantly related plants -- including the Australian, Asian and American pitcher plants, which appear strikingly similar to the human (or insect) eye. Although each species developed carnivory independently, the research concludes that the biological machinery required for digesting insects evolved in a strikingly similar fashion in all three. The findings hint that for a plant, the evolutionary routes to carnivory may be few and far between.
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology/Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Cory Nealon
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 3-Feb-2017
American Journal of Medical Genetics
Finding the needle in a genomic haystack
Researchers at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) have identified a genomic mutation that causes physical abnormalities and developmental delays in children. Upon analyzing the genome of a six-year-old boy, the scientists identified a novel mutation that affects a protein known as CASK, which is key to brain development and the signals transmitted by brain cells, or neurons. Their findings appear this week in the American Journal of Medical Genetics.

Contact: Steve Yozwiak
The Translational Genomics Research Institute

Public Release: 3-Feb-2017
JAX receives $6.7 million federal research grant to create 3-D genome map
An NHGRI ENCODE grant to Jackson Laboratory Professor Yijun Ruan launches a center for the three-dimensional (3-D) mapping of the human and mouse genomes.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Sarah Laskowski
Jackson Laboratory

Public Release: 2-Feb-2017
Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
ISBM releases the updated version of Immune Response Template
Institute for Systems Biology Moscow (ISBM) announced the recent update of the Immune Response Template (IRT) platform and its online demo. The project aimed to integrate and visualize available data on immune cells, cytokine, chemokines and other mediators interactions in human. IRT is a unique tool due to its focus on quantitative systems pharmacology (QSP) modeling. Using the platform modelers in pharmaceutical companies can strongly improve the drug R&D process.

Contact: Maria Maximova
Institute for Systems Biology Moscow

Public Release: 2-Feb-2017
Why am I shorter than you?
The answer to that question lies to some extent in our diet and environment, but mostly in our DNA (80 percent). Combining genome-wide association methods and an unmatched dataset of more than 700,000 participants, a recent study narrowed down the set of candidate changes to 83 variants, some of which altering the size by more than 2 cm.

Contact: Zoltan Kutalik
Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics

Public Release: 1-Feb-2017
Lancet Infectious Diseases
Malaria superbugs threaten global malaria control
A lineage of multidrug resistant P. falciparum malaria superbugs has widely spread and is now established in parts of Thailand, Laos and Cambodia, causing high treatment failure rates for the main falciparum malaria medicines, artemisinin combination therapies (ACTs), according to a study published today in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.
Wellcome Trust

Contact: Andrea Stewart
Infectious Diseases Data Observatory

Showing releases 451-475 out of 970.

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