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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 476-500 out of 944.

<< < 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 > >>

Public Release: 1-Nov-2016
Applications in Plant Sciences
HybPiper: A bioinformatic pipeline for processing target-enrichment data
Next-generation sequencing technologies allow researchers to quickly sequence many genes across large numbers of species. However, the deluge of sequence data obtained using these high-throughput sequencing techniques requires a substantial amount of computational input to process--a daunting task for many biologists. A recently developed bioinformatics pipeline allows researchers with limited computational skills to quickly and efficiently extract gene regions of interest from sequence data. The pipeline, HybPiper, is described in Applications in Plant Sciences.
US National Science Foundation, Northwestern University Institute for Sustainability and Energy

Contact: Beth Parada
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Applications in Plant Sciences
Millions of loci from a thousand plant transcriptomes
Microsatellite markers are used to answer research questions in areas including forensics, population and conservation genetics, and genome mapping. They are a vital tool for researchers with limited budgets, but developing microsatellites can still send research projects overbudget. In Applications in Plant Sciences, researchers have used data sets available in the One Thousand Plant Transcriptomes Project to develop a community resource of over 5 million microsatellites from 1,334 transcriptomes across more than 1,000 plant species.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Parada
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
UTA engineering professor to use data mining to help patients' diagnosis, treatment
The National Science Foundation has awarded a four-year, $1.32 million grant to Heng Huang, a professor in the Computer Science and Engineering Department, to discover biomarkers and phenotypic markers by which image-omics, data-based precision medicine techniques can be used to better treat cancer patients.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Nature Genetics
Researchers reveal genomic landscape of core-binding factor acute myeloid leukemia
An international team of researchers from the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital -- Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project (PCGP) has completed a detailed map of the genomic landscape for core-binding factor acute myeloid leukemia (CBF-AML).

Contact: Barry Whyte
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 30-Oct-2016
Genome Biology
New MutChromSeq technique makes valuable genes easier to find
Scientists at the John Innes Centre in Norwich have applied an innovative technique to wheat and barley genomes that makes it easier to pinpoint specific genes that might be used in crop improvement programs.
John Innes Centre Innovation Fund, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Swiss National Science Foundation, Czech Science Foundation, Czech Republic National Program of Sustainability, Plant Fellows Programme

Contact: Geraldine Platten
John Innes Centre

Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
Seeing the forest through the trees
The University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture is participating in a three-year, $3-million grant by the National Science Foundation to develop a user-friendly interface that will help forest scientists everywhere record and share their genomic data for various tree species.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Patricia McDaniels
University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture

Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Consortium develops technology to identify genetic and environmental causes of cancers
Dartmouth researchers, led by Christopher Amos, PhD, Dartmouth Professor and Interim Director of Norris Cotton Cancer Center, formed a consortium of multiple institutions, funded by many sources. The consortium has developed approaches for quality control of SNP selection, site selection, and genotyping and ancestry analysis accuracy in order to understand causes of common cancers including genetic and environmental, and their interactions. Details of the consortium's goal and purpose were recently published in Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers.
National Institutes of Health, Transdisciplinary Research for Cancer of Lung, International Lung Cancer Consortium, Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute, Discovery, Biology, and Risk of Inherited Variants in Breast Cancer, ColoRectal Transdisciplina

Contact: Lara Stahler
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
Feeling the rhythm
The Circadian Rhythms investigation examines whether long-term spaceflight throws off circadian rhythm in astronauts and the role of factors such as irregular light and dark cycles, microgravity induced changes in body composition, and reduced physical activity.

Contact: Rachel Hobson
NASA/Johnson Space Center

Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
New analysis of big data sheds light on cell functions
Researchers have developed a new way of obtaining useful information from big data in biology to better understand -- and predict -- what goes on inside a cell. Using genome-scale models, researchers were able to integrate multiple different data sets and discovered new biological patterns among different cellular processes.
Novo Nordisk Foundation, US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Liezel Labios
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
Molecular Ecology
Ant genomics help reshape biological history of the Americas
Scientists have long believed that the Isthmus of Panama emerged three million years ago, triggering a massive interchange of species between the Americas. However, recent conflict in both geological and biological literature suggests that this simple story is insufficient to explain the available evidence. A new study explores questions fundamental to this interchange using genomic methods in army ants, finding that land bridges likely connected the Americas millions of years earlier than previously thought.

Contact: Matthew Northey
Field Museum

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Consensus by international federation on drug use at high altitude
Drug taking at high altitude is variably intended to enhance performance, prevent or alleviate the debilitating effects of altitude, or for pleasurable use. In some cases, certain drugs can be advantageous and even life-saving, but many drugs lack evidence of benefit and carry risks of side effects or interactions.

Contact: Jennifer Gatti
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Genome editing: Efficient CRISPR experiments in mouse cells
In order to use the CRISPR-Cas9 system to cut genes, researchers must design an RNA sequence that matches the DNA of the target gene. The new 'CrispRGold' program helps scientists to identify the most effective and specific RNA sequences. It has been devised by a group of researchers of the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine in the Helmholtz Association (MDC), and is now described in the journal PNAS.

Contact: Vera Glaßer
Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine in the Helmholtz Association

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
How the African clawed frog got an extra pair of genes
The African clawed frog's ancestor inherited one set of chromosomes each from two different species and doubled its whole genome some 18 million years ago, according to an international research consortium led by Japanese and American scientists who sequenced the entire genome of the Xenopus laevis for the first time.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Developmen, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Naoki Namba
Hokkaido University

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
Nature Biotechnology
Quantum leap in the reliability of mass spectrometry-based proteomics
Modern mass spectrometry systems enable scientists to routinely determine the quantitative composition of cells or tissue samples. However, different analysis software packages often produce different results from the same raw data. An international team of researchers led by Professor Stefan Tenzer from the Mainz University Medical Center has now addressed this problem by comparing and modifying various analysis software packages to ensure that the different software solutions produce consistent results.

Contact: Dr. Stefan Tenzer
Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz

Public Release: 24-Oct-2016
Optics Letters
Clearing 'visual noise' to improve underwater vision and deep sea exploration
A team of researchers from Ocean University of China in Qingdao, China, may have helped improve the quality of underwater visualizations. In a novel methodology for improving underwater viewing, they applied a mathematical approach known as logical stochastic resonance (LSR). When applied to poor-quality underwater images, the LSR algorithms improved the team's ability to visually detect objects. The results of their investigation are published in the journal Optics Letters, from The Optical Society.

Contact: Rebecca Andersen
The Optical Society

Public Release: 24-Oct-2016
Possible strategy identified for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, other disorders
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is an inherited disorder that leads to a gradual loss of motor neurons and, eventually, paralysis. There is no treatment. Now, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Stanford University report that they have designed small compounds that may correct the molecular dysfunction that leads to Charcot-Marie-Tooth. The team designed the compounds based on a new understanding of the 3-D structure of a key protein associated with the disease.
National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society, Societa' Italiana ipertensione arteriosa SIIA

Contact: Judy Martin-Finch
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 24-Oct-2016
Nature Genetics
Genetic hallmarks of acute lymphoblastic leukemia subtype uncovered
An international team of researchers from the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital - Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project (PCGP) and the Children's Oncology Group (COG) has identified the genetic changes that underpin a subtype of the most common cancer found in children. This form of B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) features genetic changes to two transcription factors known as DUX4 and ERG, proteins that closely control the activities of other crucial genes in human blood cells.

Contact: Barry Whyte
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 21-Oct-2016
Earlham Institute launches first CyVerse-UK hub for 'big data' analysis
The Earlham Institue establishes the first UK dedicated high-performance computing (HPC) cluster for international data portal 'CyVerse' -- providing free, open-source genome analysis for big data research.

Contact: Hayley London
Earlham Institute

Public Release: 21-Oct-2016
Molecular Plant Pathology
John Innes Centre scientists solve 60-year-old Septoria mystery
A new paper from scientists at the John Innes Centre in Norwich explains why plant breeders have found it difficult to produce wheat varieties which combine high yield and good resistance to Septoria, a disease in wheat which can cut yield losses by up to 50 percent. It traces the problem back to decisions made nearly 60 years ago.
Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs, Sustainable Arable LINK Program, Agricultural and Horticultural Development Board, Elsoms Seeds, Limagrain, Sejet, SW Seed, Syngenta, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Contact: Geraldine Platten
John Innes Centre

Public Release: 20-Oct-2016
Twenty-five life scientists join EMBO Young Investigator network
Heidelberg, 20 October 2016 - EMBO announced today the selection of 25 young researchers as EMBO Young Investigators. They join a network of 74 current and 382 past Young Investigators who represent some of the best young group leaders in the life sciences in Europe and beyond.

Contact: Tilmann Kiessling

Public Release: 20-Oct-2016
Scientists can listen to proteins by turning data into music
Transforming data about the structure of proteins into melodies gives scientists a completely new way of analyzing the molecules that could reveal new insights into how they work -- by listening to them. A new study published in the journal Heliyon shows how musical sounds can help scientists analyze data using their ears instead of their eyes. The researchers believe their technique could help scientists identify anomalies in proteins more easily.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary

Public Release: 19-Oct-2016
International prize in statistics awarded to Sir David Cox for survival analysis model
Prominent British statistician Sir David Cox has been named the inaugural recipient of the International Prize in Statistics. Like the acclaimed Fields Medal, Abel Prize, Turing Award and Nobel Prize, the International Prize in Statistics is considered the highest honor in its field. It will be bestowed every other year to an individual or team for major achievements using statistics to advance science, technology and human welfare.

Contact: Jill Talley
American Statistical Association

Public Release: 19-Oct-2016
Nature Chemistry
The road to green hydrogen runs through mazes in algal proteins
Hydrogen fuel cells produce electricity, we are increasingly thinking about hydrogen as the successor of crude oil. But where will the hydrogen come from? Its ecologically cleanest source could be industrial -- or even domestic! -- bioreactors with green algae. Their future construction will be possible thanks to an international team of researchers, who have for the first time precisely described the chemical reactions responsible for the stability of hydrogen generation in an aerobic environment by algal enzymes.

Contact: Dr. Adam Kubas
Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
Biophysical Journal
Scientists model outer membrane of 12 bacterial species to speed new drugs for 'bad bugs'
Wonpil Im of Lehigh University and his team have investigated the bilayer properties of 21 distinct Lipid A types from 12 gram-negative bacterial species -- an important step in paving the way to new antibiotic drug development. Their results have been published today in an article in Biophysical Journal titled: 'Bilayer Properties of Lipid A from Various Gram-negative Bacteria.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori Friedman
Lehigh University

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
Molecular Biology and Evolution
New tools identify key evolutionary advantages from ancient hominid interbreeding
Neanderthals. Denisovans. Homo sapiens. Around 50,000 years ago, these hominids not only interbred, but in some cases, modern humans may have also received a special evolutionary advantage from doing so. In a new study published in the advanced online edition of Molecular Biology and Evolution, computational biologists Fernando Racimo, Davide Marnetto and Emilia Huerta-Sánchez have developed statistical tools and simulations to successfully identify the signatures of these interbred genomic regions.

Contact: Joe Caspermeyer
Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)

Showing releases 476-500 out of 944.

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