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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 51-75 out of 956.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

Public Release: 20-Jun-2017
American Journal of Epidemiology
Infections in early life associated with increased risk for celiac disease
Infections during infancy are associated with increased risk for gluten intolerance (celiac disease) later on. Apparently the risk is particularly high in the case of repeated gastrointestinal infections in the first year of life. This conclusion was drawn by scientists of the Institute for Diabetes Research at Helmholtz Zentrum München after analyzing data provided by the Bavarian Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians. The study has now been published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

Contact: Andreas Beyerlein
andreas.beyerlein@helmholtz-muenchen.de
49-893-068-5578
Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health

Public Release: 20-Jun-2017
Biophysical Journal
Simple method measures how long bacteria can wait out antibiotics
A growing number of pathogens are developing resistance to one or more antibiotics, threatening our ability to treat infectious diseases. According to a study published June 20 in Biophysical Journal, a simple new method for measuring the time it takes to kill a bacterial population could improve the ability of clinicians to effectively treat antimicrobial-tolerant strains that are on the path to becoming resistant.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
press@cell.com
617-335-6270
Cell Press

Public Release: 19-Jun-2017
Scientific Reports
We are much more unique than assumed
Every human being has a unique DNA 'fingerprint'. In other words, the genetic material of any two individuals can be clearly distinguished. Computational biologists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now determined that the impact of these variations has been greatly underestimated. The new insights could importantly impact advances in personalized medicine.

Contact: Stefanie Reiffert
stefanie.reiffert@tum.de
0049-089-289-10519
Technical University of Munich (TUM)

Public Release: 16-Jun-2017
Rapid test facilitates malaria diagnosis
Diagnosing malaria has been a very time-consuming and error-prone process up to now. Together with his Dutch colleague Jan van den Boogaart, Professor Oliver Hayden from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now developed an automated rapid blood test that provides an accurate diagnosis in almost 100 percent of cases. The researchers were presented with the European Inventor Award, which honors outstanding inventors from Europe and the rest of the world, for the development of the new method on June 15.

Contact: Dr. Vera Siegler
vera.siegler@tum.de
49-892-892-3325
Technical University of Munich (TUM)

Public Release: 16-Jun-2017
JACC: Basic to Translational Science
Novel approach may improve valve function in some patients
Pulsed cavitation ultrasound can be used to remotely soften human degenerative calcified biosprosthetic valves and significantly improve the valve opening function, according to a novel study published today in JACC: Basic to Translational Science. This new noninvasive approach has the potential to improve the outcome of patients with severe bioprosthesis stenosis.

Contact: Rachel Cagan
rcagan@acc.org
202-375-6395
American College of Cardiology

Public Release: 15-Jun-2017
Genome Research
Penn/CHOP team gains insights into cause of infant and treatment-related leukemias
A joint effort by University of Pennsylvania and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia researchers has applied an innovative new genome sequencing technique to catalog the sites of DNA cleavage by the enzyme topoisomerase II, called TOP2. The new understanding could shed light on infant and treatment-related leukemias.
National Institutes of Health, CHOP's Department of Pediatrics Academic Enrichment Program, Penn's Center of Excellence in Environmental Toxicology

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 15-Jun-2017
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Modeling the brain with 'Lego bricks'
Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, in cooperation with the University of Strasbourg, have developed a computational method that could be used to guide surgeons during brain surgery.

Contact: Thomas Klein
thomas.klein@uni.lu
352-466-644-5148
University of Luxembourg

Public Release: 13-Jun-2017
npj Biofilms and Microbiomes
Donor microbes persist 2 years after fecal transplant to treat C. difficile infection
University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers have made the first direct demonstration that fecal donor microbes remained in recipients for months or years after a transplant to treat the diarrhea and colitis caused by recurrent Clostridium difficile infections -- a serious and stubborn cause of diarrhea after an antibiotic treatment for some other illness.
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Contact: Jeff Hansen
jeffhans@uab.edu
205-209-2355
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Public Release: 13-Jun-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Birds of a feather
Biologists have always been fascinated by the diversity and changeability of life on Earth and have attempted to answer a fundamental question: How do new species originate? A new study provides the first large-scale test of the link between population differentiation rates and speciation rates. The results confirm the evolutionary importance of population genetic differentiation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alison Satake
asatake@lsu.edu
225-578-3870
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 13-Jun-2017
Nature Communications
Rare genetic disorders: New approach uses RNA in search for genetic triggers
In about half of all patients with rare hereditary disorders, it is still unclear what position of the genome is responsible for their condition. One reason for this is the quantity of information encoded in human genes. A team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Helmholtz Zentrum München has developed a method that significantly increases the chances of a successful search. The new approach looks not only at DNA, but also at RNA.
E-Rare Project GENOMIT, Junior Alliance mitOmics, Federal Ministry of Education and Research

Contact: Paul Hellmich
paul.hellmich@tum.de
49-892-892-2731
Technical University of Munich (TUM)

Public Release: 13-Jun-2017
Trends in Cognitive Sciences
The importance of time and space in brain development and disease
New research shows time and space during brain maturation are critical and better understanding of these physical changes could lead to new treatments and better diagnosis of a variety of conditions.

Contact: Marcus Kaiser
marcus.kaiser@ncl.ac.uk
44-191-208-8161
Newcastle University

Public Release: 12-Jun-2017
Biophysical Journal
Rattling DNA hustles transcribers to targets
'DNA is a bully.' That's how researcher Jeffrey Skolnick sums up the dominant power of DNA motion among the forces acting upon transcription factors as they move through DNA's winding thickets to their target sites. He and Edmond Chow have programmed a very large, unique simulation that tests and corroborates the hypothesis.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ben Brumfield
ben.brumfield@comm.gatech.edu
404-660-1408
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Jun-2017
Nature Biotechnology
Uncovered: 1,000 new microbial genomes
US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute scientists have taken a decisive step forward in uncovering the planet's microbial diversity. In Nature Biotechnology, they report the release of 1,003 phylogenetically diverse bacterial and archaeal reference genomes -- the single largest release to date. The DOE is interested in learning more about this biodiversity because microbes play important roles in regulating Earth's biogeochemical cycles and uncovering gene functions and metabolic pathways has wide applications.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: David Gilbert
degilbert@lbl.gov
DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Public Release: 8-Jun-2017
The Plant Journal
How plants prevent oxidative stress
When excess light energy is absorbed by plants during photosynthesis, harmful reactive oxygen species are produced. These reactive oxygen species break down important structures such as proteins and membranes, preventing them from functioning properly. Researchers have discovered the system used by plants to prevent oxidative stress and to safely carry out photosynthesis.

Contact: Eleanor Wyllie
intl-relations@office.kobe-u.ac.jp
Kobe University

Public Release: 8-Jun-2017
PLOS Computational Biology
New software tool could help doctors diagnose genetic diseases
An open-source software tool called Mendel,MD could help doctors analyze patients' genetic data in order to diagnose diseases caused by mutations. Developed by Raony Cardenas and colleagues at Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil, the tool is presented in a new study in PLOS Computational Biology.

Contact: Sérgio Pena
spena@dcc.ufmg.br
PLOS

Public Release: 8-Jun-2017
PLOS Biology
Wide-Open accelerates release of scientific data by identifying overdue datasets
Advances in genetic sequencing and other technologies have led to an explosion of biological data, and decades of openness (both spontaneous and enforced) mean that scientists routinely deposit data in online repositories. But researchers are only human and may forget to tell a repository to release the data when a paper is published.

Contact: Maxim Grechkin
grechkin@cs.washington.edu
PLOS

Public Release: 7-Jun-2017
Neuron
How cells divide tasks and conquer work
Despite advances in neuroscience, the brain is still very much a black box -- no one even knows how many different types of neurons exist. Now, a scientist from the Salk Institute has used a mathematical framework to better understand how different cell types divide work among themselves.

Contact: Salk Communications
press@salk.edu
858-453-4100
Salk Institute

Public Release: 7-Jun-2017
Nucleic Acids Research
Mining cancer data for treatment clues
Genomics -- the branch of molecular biology concerned with the structure, function, evolution, and mapping of genomes -- has proved successful in uncovering the complex nature of cancer. Researchers have used supercomputers at the Texas Advanced Computing Center to gain insights into the relationship between DNA sequences that fold into secondary structures and chromosomal rearrangements; identify cancer subtypes that respond differently to treatments; and run biomedical analyses via the web.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, Lymphoma Research Foundation, Marie Betzner Morrow Centennial Endowment

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
aarondubrow@tacc.utexas.edu
512-471-8217
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 7-Jun-2017
Cell Metabolism
Bread and health: A personal matter
In the past few decades, since white bread has acquired a bad name, bakeries have been going out of their way to produce high-quality whole grain breads. But a new study conducted at the Weizmann Institute of Science and published recently in Cell Metabolism reveals that these 'wholesome' choices are not necessarily the healthiest for everyone.

Contact: Gizel Maimon
gizel.maimon@weizmann.ac.il
972-893-43856
Weizmann Institute of Science

Public Release: 6-Jun-2017
Journal of Mammalogy
Hiding in plain sight: New species of flying squirrel discovered
A new study published May 30 in the Journal of Mammalogy describes a newly discovered third species of flying squirrel in North America -- now known as Humboldt's flying squirrel, or Glaucomys oregonensis. It inhabits the Pacific Coast region of North America, from southern British Columbia to the mountains of southern California.
University of Washington

Contact: Andrea Godinez
burkepr@uw.edu
206-616-7538
University of Washington

Public Release: 6-Jun-2017
Cell Metabolism
Is white or whole wheat bread 'healthier?' Depends on the person
Despite many studies looking at which bread is the healthiest, it is still not clear what effect bread and differences among bread types have on clinically relevant parameters and on the microbiome. In the journal Cell Metabolism on June 6, Weizmann Institute researchers report the results of a comprehensive, randomized trial in 20 healthy subjects comparing differences in how processed white bread and artisanal whole wheat sourdough affect the body.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
jcaputo@cell.com
617-335-6270
Cell Press

Public Release: 2-Jun-2017
2017 ASCO Annual Meeting
Genetic sequencing could influence treatment for nearly 3/4 of advanced cancer patients
A new analysis finds that nearly three-quarters of 500 patients with advanced cancer could be referred to a potential targeted treatment based on the results of a comprehensive analysis of their tumor's genetic landscape.
National Institutes of Health, Prostate Cancer Foundation, Stand Up to Cancer

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
nfawcett@umich.edu
734-764-2220
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Public Release: 2-Jun-2017
PLOS Genetics
Tumor induction from a distance
Researchers suggest that neighboring tissues can send signals inducing tumorigenesis.

Contact: Prof. Dr. Ralf Baumeister
baumeister@celegans.de
49-761-203-8350
University of Freiburg

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
Human Cell Atlas data platform kicks off with support from CZI
The Chan Zuckerberg Initiative (CZI) has announced it will fund EMBL-EBI, the Broad Institute and UCSC to build a Data Coordination Platform (DCP) for the Human Cell Atlas, an ambitious international collaboration led by the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and the Broad Institute. CZI will also add engineering support to the project.
Wellcome, Chan Zuckerberg Initiative

Contact: Mary Todd Bergman
mary@ebi.ac.uk
44-012-234-94665
European Molecular Biology Laboratory - European Bioinformatics Institute

Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
PLOS Computational Biology
New evidence challenges popular hypothesis for how anesthesia works
Despite widespread use of anesthesia, the precise mechanism by which it causes loss of consciousness remains a mystery. Now, scientists studying ferrets have found evidence that anesthesia may work differently than popularly believed, according to a new study published in PLOS Computational Biology.

Contact: Michael Wibral
wibral@em.uni-frankfurt.de
PLOS

Showing releases 51-75 out of 956.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>