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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1405.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

Public Release: 23-Oct-2017
Journal of Biological Chemistry
UMass Amherst microbiologists contribute to possible new anti-TB treatment path
As part of the long effort to improve treatment of tuberculosis (TB), microbiologists led by Yasu Morita at the University of Massachusetts Amherst report that they have for the first time characterized a protein involved in making a glycolipid compound found in the TB cell wall, which is critical for the disease-causing Mycobacterium to become infectious.
the American Lung Association and the Pittsfield Anti-Tuberculosis Association

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 20-Oct-2017
The Lancet
Research predicts increase in inflammatory bowel disease in developing world
For the last century, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been a challenge for patients and the medical community in the western world. New research published today in The Lancet by Dr. Gilaad Kaplan shows that countries outside the western world may now be facing the same pattern of increasing IBD rates.

Contact: Genevieve Juillet
University of Calgary

Public Release: 20-Oct-2017
British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Fewer stillbirths at East African hospital following introduction of childbirth guidelines
In collaboration with the health staff at Zanzibar's main hospital, Danish researchers have developed and introduced a short guide on childbirth care. The booklet seems to have had a significant effect, according to new research from the University of Copenhagen. After the guidelines were introduced, the number of stillbirths at the hospital fell by 33 per cent. The study reveals an opportunity to customise clinical guidelines more effectively to low-income countries, according to the researchers.
Lundbeck Foundation, Laerdal Foundation, Augustinus Foundation

Contact: Nanna Maaløe
University of Copenhagen The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

Public Release: 19-Oct-2017
Current HIV Research
Patients suffering injuries in low & middle-income countries have higher prevalence of HIV
Patients suffering injuries in low and middle-income countries have a higher prevalence of HIV than baseline populations and HIV Infection may be associated with greater risk of post-injury mortality.

Contact: Faizan ul Haq
Bentham Science Publishers

Public Release: 19-Oct-2017
Argentine Society of Cardiology
WhatsApp use by Argentina ambulances associated with faster heart attack treatment
WhatsApp use by ambulance doctors in Argentina was associated with faster treatment of heart attack and lower mortality in an observational study presented today at the Argentine Congress of Cardiology (SAC 2017). The free messaging application was used to send diagnostic electrocardiograms (ECGs) directly to hospital catheterisation (cath) laboratories, enabling patients to bypass the emergency department.

Contact: ESC Press Office
European Society of Cardiology

Public Release: 19-Oct-2017
Study: Sickle cell anemia treatment does not increase malaria risk in Africa
The drug hydroxyurea does not appear to increase the risk of malaria infection in patients with sickle cell anemia who live in malaria-endemic regions, according to a study published online today in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology (ASH).
Addmedica Inc., The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation

Contact: Stephen Fitzmaurice
American Society of Hematology

Public Release: 18-Oct-2017
Journal of Experimental Biology
A mosquito's secret weapon: a light touch and strong wings
How do mosquitoes land and take off without our noticing? Using high-speed video cameras, a team from UC Berkeley and Wageningen University have found part of the answer: mosquitoes' long legs allow them to slowly and gently push off, but their wings provide the majority of the lift, even when fully laden with a blood meal. For comparison, mosquitoes push off with forces much less than those of an escaping fruit fly.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 17-Oct-2017
Journal of World-Systems Research
Study links chocolate production to increased deforestation in poor nations
In newly published research, Mark Noble, visiting assistant professor of sociology and anthropology at Lehigh, focuses on the link between cocoa exports and deforestation in developing nations.

Contact: Lauren Stralo
Lehigh University

Public Release: 17-Oct-2017
Cell Reports
New research opens the door to 'functional cure' for HIV
Scientists have for the first time shown that a novel compound effectively suppresses production of the virus in chronically infected cells.
National Institutes of Health, The Campbell Foundation, CARE

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Oct-2017
Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
HIV infection, even with antiretroviral therapy, appears to damage a growing child's brain
One of the largest and best-documented trials of children receiving early antiretroviral therapy -- the CHER clinical trial in South Africa -- finds ongoing white matter damage in HIV-positive children at the age of 7 years. The study aims to contribute to a better understanding of brain development in HIV-infected and exposed children, as well as the impact of long-term antiretroviral treatment.
National Institutes of Health, South African Medical Research Council, South African National Research Foundation, NRF/DST South African Research Chairs Initiative, NIMH and NINDS Intramural Research Programs

Contact: Emma Duncan

Public Release: 17-Oct-2017
PLOS Medicine
'Mystery clients' reveal weaknesses of tuberculosis care in rural China
Many health care providers in China -- especially those at village clinics and township health centers -- fail to correctly manage tuberculosis (TB) cases, according to a study involving standardized patients published this week in PLOS Medicine by Sean Sylvia of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA, Chengchao Zhou of Shangdong University, China, and colleagues at the World Bank, McGill University, Stanford University and other institutions in China.

Contact: Sean Sylvia

Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Portable 3-D scanner assesses patients with elephantiasis
An estimated 120 million people worldwide are infected with lymphatic filariasis, a parasitic, mosquito-borne disease that can cause major swelling and deformity of the legs, a condition known as elephantiasis. Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that a portable scanning device can measure limb enlargement and disfigurement faster and more easily in patients with elephantiasis. The research tool makes it easy to obtain accurate measurements and determine whether treatments to reduce swelling are effective.
Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, US Agency for International Development

Contact: Diane Duke Williams
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 13-Oct-2017
Emerging Microbes & Infections
Usutu virus is back -- not only in blackbirds but also in humans
During 10 subsequent years no Usutu virus associated bird mortality was observed in Austria - contrary to neighboring Hungary. Last year Usutu virus was identified again in two blackbirds - and in 2017 already in sixteen songbirds. A research team of the Vetmeduni Vienna investigated the virus strains involved. In another study Usutu virus was demonstrated in seven human blood donations from eastern Austria, suggesting that human infections seem to be more frequent than previously thought.

Contact: Norbert Nowotny
University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Combination of El Niño and 2016 Ecuador earthquake likely worsened Zika outbreak
Combination of El Niño and 2016 Ecuador earthquake likely worsened Zika outbreak

Contact: Joseph Cariz
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
CU Anschutz researchers say climate change may accelerate infectious disease outbreaks
Aside from inflicting devastating natural disasters on often vulnerable communities, climate change can also spur outbreaks of infectious diseases like Zika , malaria and dengue fever, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.

Contact: David Kelly
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Current Microwave Chemistry
Microwave-assisted iodine-catalyzed rapid synthesis of 6H-indolo[2,3-b]quinolines
Indoloquinoline alkaloids are of great importance due to their unique structure and various biological activities. Several methods have been developed to synthesize indoloquinolines and among those, one-pot methods are of particular importance due to its simplified reaction procedure.

Contact: Faizan ul Haq
Bentham Science Publishers

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Call to Action on Antimicrobial Resistance
New UK-India scheme to tackle antimicrobial resistance announced
The Academy of Medical Sciences is today (Friday, 13th October) announcing the pledge from The Yusuf and Farida Hamied Foundation1 for a scheme to build stronger research links between the UK and India to jointly address the challenge of antimicrobial resistance (AMR).
Yusuf and Farida Hamied Foundation1

Contact: Naomi Clarke
Academy of Medical Sciences (UK)

Public Release: 12-Oct-2017
Promising new leprosy vaccine moves into human trials
Today marks a significant step forward in the prevention and treatment of leprosy as the Infectious Disease Research Institute (IDRI) and American Leprosy Missions announce the start of a Phase 1 clinical trial in humans for a promising leprosy vaccine candidate -- the first vaccine developed specifically for leprosy.
American Leprosy Missions

Contact: Lee Schoentrup
Infectious Disease Research Institute

Public Release: 11-Oct-2017
New study mapping pandemic potential could help prevent future disease outbreaks
A new scientific study provides the first evidence-based assessment of pandemic potential in Africa prior to outbreaks and identifies ways to prevent them.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Dean Owen
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

Public Release: 11-Oct-2017
New England Journal of Medicine
Experimental Ebola vaccines elicit year-long immune response
Results from a large randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial in Liberia show that two candidate Ebola vaccines pose no major safety concerns and can elicit immune responses by one month after initial vaccination that last for at least one year. The findings, published in NEJM, are based on a study of 1,500 adults that began during the West Africa Ebola outbreak. The trial is being conducted by a US-Liberia clinical research collaboration known as PREVAIL.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Jennifer Routh
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 10-Oct-2017
Scientific Reports
Research reveals how rabies can induce frenzied behavior
Scientists may finally understand how the rabies virus can drastically change its host's behavior to help spread the disease, which kills about 59,000 people annually. A new study published in the journal Scientific Reports shows how a small piece of the rabies virus can bind to and inhibit certain receptors in the brain that play a crucial role in regulating the behavior of mammals. This interferes with communication in the brain and induces frenzied behaviors that favor the transmission of the virus.

Contact: Meghan Murphy
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 10-Oct-2017
Cell Reports
Better mini brains could help scientists identify treatments for Zika-related brain damage
UCLA researchers have developed an improved technique for creating simplified human brain tissue from stem cells. Because these so-called 'mini brain organoids' mimic human brains in how they grow and develop, they're vital to studying complex neurological diseases.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, California State University Northridge-UCLA Bridges, National Institutes of Health, Uehara Memorial Foundation, Ministry of Science, Research and Arts of Baden-Württemberg

Contact: Mirabai Vogt-James
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 10-Oct-2017
New Zika serotypes may emerge, researcher warns
The virus is mutating very fast in Brazilian patients. Appearance of new serotypes could hinder development of vaccines and efficacy of diagnostic tests, according to a member of one of the leading group of scientists on Zika-related investigations
Sao Paulo Research Foundation - FAPESP

Contact: Heitor Shimizu
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo

Public Release: 10-Oct-2017
Journal of Molecular Biology
Parasite study paves way for therapies to tackle deadly infections
New understanding of a parasite that causes a million cases of disease each year could point towards effective drug treatments.
Wellcome, Scottish University Life Sciences Alliance, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Contact: Catriona Kelly
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 10-Oct-2017
EP Europace
Smartphone apps launched for atrial fibrillation patients and their healthcare providers
Novel smartphone and tablet applications (apps) for atrial fibrillation patients and healthcare professionals have been launched by heart experts. The objectives and design of the apps are outlined in a paper published online today in EP Europace,1 with a summary published in the European Heart Journal.2

Contact: ESC Press Office
European Society of Cardiology

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1405.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>