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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1001-1025 out of 1312.

<< < 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 > >>

Public Release: 1-Jun-2015
American Journal of Human Biology
Cannabis use in male African pygmies linked to decreased risk of parasitic worm infection
In a population of Congo Basin foragers called the Aka, 67 percent of men -- but only 6 percent of women -- use cannabis, and the practice seems to protect against infection with parasitic worms.

Contact: Dawn Peters

Public Release: 1-Jun-2015
American Journal of Human Biology
WSU researchers see link between hunter-gatherer cannabis use, fewer parasites
Washington State University researchers have found that the more hunter-gatherers smoke cannabis, the less they are infected by intestinal worms. The link suggests that they may unconsciously be, in effect, smoking medical marijuana.
State of Washington

Contact: Ed Hagen
Washington State University

Public Release: 1-Jun-2015
Journal of Immunology
Researchers create new combination vaccine to fight Streptococcus A
Griffith University's Institute for Glycomics has developed a groundbreaking, combination vaccine that may finally beat Streptococcus A infections. Human trials are set to begin, early as next year, for the vaccine which combines the protein, SpyCEP, with a previously developed vaccine J8-DT.

Contact: Melinda Rogers
Griffith University

Public Release: 29-May-2015
American Academy of Neurology 2015 Annual Meeting
CHOP global health focuses on children with cerebral palsy in southern Africa
Cerebral palsy is the most common cause of childhood disability in the world, but is understudied, especially in developing countries. Working in Botswana, an ongoing international partnership has performed the first rigorous study of CP outcomes in Africa.
National Institutes of Health, International Child Neurology Association, University of Pennsylvania Center for AIDS Research

Contact: Natalie Virgilio
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Public Release: 28-May-2015
JAMA Oncology
New cancer cases rise globally, but death rates are declining in many countries
New cases of virtually all types of cancer are rising in countries globally -- regardless of income -- but the death rates from cancer are falling in many countries, according to a new analysis of 28 cancer groups in 188 countries.

Contact: Rhonda Stewart
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

Public Release: 28-May-2015
PLOS Pathogens
New findings shed light on complexities of emerging zoonotic malaria
Zoonotic malaria has been shown to be caused by two genetically distinct Plasmodium knowlesi parasite subpopulations associated with different monkey host species in Malaysia, according to new research led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. The authors believe this could have important implications for how the parasite adapts and spreads in humans.
Medical Research Council UK, University of Malaysia Sarawak

Contact: Jenny Orton
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Public Release: 28-May-2015
Cell Host & Microbe
Controlling typhoid bacterium key to prevent gallbladder cancer in India and Pakistan
Controlling bacterial infections responsible for typhoid fever could dramatically reduce the risk of gallbladder cancer in India and Pakistan, according to Cell Host & Microbe study. The findings establish the causal link between bacterial infection and gallbladder cancer, explaining why this type of cancer is rare in the West but common in India and Pakistan, where typhoid fever is endemic. Public policy changes inspired by this research could have an immediate impact.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Cell Press

Public Release: 27-May-2015
Genome Medicine
New online tool to predict genetic resistance to tuberculosis drugs
A new TB-Profiler tool, developed by scientists at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, analyses and interprets genome sequence data to predict resistance to 11 drugs used for the treatment of TB. This rapid tool means that sequence data can now be used without delay, so that finding which drugs to use for a patient with TB can be sped up by days or even weeks; increasing the likelihood of a cure.

Contact: Katie Steels
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Public Release: 27-May-2015
Study in Nigeria finds 1 in 10 malaria drugs are poor quality
A rigorous analysis of more than 3,000 antimalarials purchased in Nigeria found 9.3 percent to be of poor quality, according to new research from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Katie Steels
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Nature Genetics
Genomic data reveals emergence in Africa of drug resistant strain of typhoid
Scientists at the University of Liverpool and Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, in partnership with the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, have revealed the emergence of a novel strain of Typhoid fever in Malawi, Africa.
Wellcome Trust

Contact: Samantha Martin
University of Liverpool

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Journal of Nutrition
Measuring arm circumference is a more reliable indicator of malnutrition
The World Health Organization's current weight-based guidelines for assessing malnutrition in children with diarrhea are not as reliable as measuring the child's upper arm circumference.
NIH/Fogarty International Center, University Emergency Medicine Foundation

Contact: Beth Bailey

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Study identifies Ebola virus's Achilles' heel
An international team including scientists from Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases has identified the molecular 'lock' that the deadly Ebola virus must pick to gain entry to cells. The findings, made in mice, suggest that drugs blocking entry to this lock could protect against Ebola infection. The study was published in today's edition of the online journal mBio.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Dana's Angels Research Trust

Contact: Caree Vander Linden
US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 25-May-2015
Nature Genetics
Asian family research answers questions on fatty acid in brain
New research conducted in a rural community in Pakistan highlights the crucial role that essential fatty acids play in human brain growth and function.

Contact: Louise Vennells
University of Exeter

Public Release: 25-May-2015
Annals of Internal Medicine
Appropriate duration of dual antiplatelet therapy still unclear
A systematic review of published evidence does little to clarify the appropriate duration of dual antiplatelet therapy following drug eluting stent placement. The evidence suggests that longer duration therapy decreases the risk for myocardial infarction, but increases the risk for major bleeding events, and may provide a slight increase in mortality. The results are published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Contact: Angela Collom
American College of Physicians

Public Release: 25-May-2015
Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Disease Society
In study, new swab reveals one-third of babies with severe diarrhea had undiagnosed, treatable infection
In an African study supported by the Canadian government, a new tool -- the 'flocked swab' -- helped reveal that one-third of babies hospitalized with severe diarrhea were discharged with an undiagnosed, treatable infection. The results could prompt global rethink of how to manage diarrhea diseases, the world's 2nd leading cause of death of children under 5.

Contact: Terry Collins
Grand Challenges Canada

Public Release: 22-May-2015
The Anatomical Record
More than two dozen articles provide insights on mummies
In a special issue, The Anatomical Record ventures into the world of human mummified remains. In 26 articles, the anatomy of mummies is exquisitely detailed through cutting edge examination, while they are put in historical, archeological, and cultural context. Investigators even take on the thorny issue of ethics as it applies to human remains in general and to the specific case of mummy research.

Contact: Dawn Peters

Public Release: 21-May-2015
PLOS Pathogens
EBV co-infection may boost malaria mortality in childhood
Malaria researchers at Emory are calling attention to a trouble-maker whose effects may be underappreciated: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Their experiments with mice show that co-infection with a virus closely related to EBV can make a survivable malaria parasite infection lethal.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 21-May-2015
Japanese Global Health Fund expands portfolio to include diagnostics and drugs for leishmaniasis
The Global Health Innovative Technology Fund (GHIT Fund), which in the last two years has funded almost $32 million for innovative tools to tackle global infectious diseases, today announced additional investments of nearly $11 million that bring its portfolio to approximately $43 million. GHIT Fund is expanding its technology scope to include diagnostic tests, its disease portfolio to include leishmaniasis, and its Screening Platform to include four additional Japanese companies and their unique chemical compound libraries.

Contact: Katy Lenard

Public Release: 21-May-2015
PLOS Pathogens
Can a viral co-infection impair immunity against Plasmodium and turn malaria lethal?
It is known that infections with certain viruses can weaken the immune response to another pathogen. A study published on May 21 in PLOS Pathogens reports provocative findings in mice that infection with the mouse equivalent of Epstein-Barr virus can turn infections with certain parasites that cause malaria in mice (which are normally quickly suppressed by the immune system) into a lethal disease.

Contact: Samuel Speck

Public Release: 20-May-2015
Journal of the American Heart Association
American College of Cardiology registry aims to improve cardiovascular care in India
Despite challenges, it is feasible to collect and study the quality of outpatient cardiovascular care in a resource-limited environment like India, according to a pilot study published today in the Journal of the American Heart Association. Researchers used the American College of Cardiology's PINNACLE India Quality Improvement Program registry to examine performance measures and outline areas for further improvement in cardiovascular care delivery.

Contact: Katie Glenn
American College of Cardiology

Public Release: 20-May-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UGA study pinpoints the likeliest rodent sources of future human infectious diseases
Researchers have developed a way to predict which species of rodents are likeliest to be sources of new disease outbreaks in humans. The findings could help public health officials take a more preemptive approach to disease surveillance, prevention and control.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: John Drake
University of Georgia

Public Release: 20-May-2015
Journal of Experimental Biology
New antibody insecticide targets malaria mosquito
Malaria is a cruel and disabling disease that targets all ages and is particularly threatening for under-5s. A team of scientists from Colorado State University, USA, is developing a new insecticide using a novel approach to target malaria mosquitoes. They use an animal's immune system to make an antibody that is consumed by the mosquito when it feeds. The antibody targets a key component of the insect's nervous system to paralyze and kill it.
National Institutes of Health, Colorado State University Infectious Disease Supercluster

Contact: Kathryn Knight
The Company of Biologists

Public Release: 19-May-2015
Study reveals intestinal bacteria succession during recovery from cholera in Bangladesh
A new study delineates a sequential pattern of changes in the intestinal microbial population of patients recovering from cholera in Bangladesh, findings that may point to ways of speeding recovery from the diarrheal disease. The report also finds consistent differences between the gut microbial population of individuals in countries like the US and those the developing world and provides some of the most complete evidence that the gut microbiota return to normal after cholera infection.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, International Center for Diarrhœal Disease Research

Contact: Noah Brown
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 19-May-2015
International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
Horizontal gene transfer in E. coli
Escherichia coli O104 is an emergent disease-causing bacterium various strains of which are becoming increasingly well known and troublesome. The pathogen causes bloody diarrhea as well as and potentially fatal kidney damage, hemolytic uremic syndrome. Infection is usually through inadvertent ingestion of contaminated and incompletely cooked food or other materials, such as animals feces.

Contact: Albert Ang
Inderscience Publishers

Public Release: 19-May-2015
Unique Seattle partnership launches new water treatment product
Outdoor gear manufacturer Mountain Safety Research and international nonprofit PATH bring Community Chlorine Maker from idea to market.

Contact: Kate Davidson

Showing releases 1001-1025 out of 1312.

<< < 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 > >>