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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1001-1025 out of 1338.

<< < 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 > >>

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
PLOS Pathogens
Patterns of brain swelling may explain susceptibility of children to cerebral malaria
Brain swelling is a strong predictor of death in children with cerebral malaria (a severe form of the disease where parasites have accumulated in brain vessels), and also in mice with experimental cerebral malaria. A high-resolution whole brain imaging analysis of swelling in ECM published on March 10 in PLOS Pathogens suggests that cerebral malaria depends on the permissive environment in a specific brain area.

Contact: Angelika Hoffmann

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
American Journal of Human Genetics
HIV patients in Africa with a specific genetic variant have much lower rate of TB
In the first known discovery of its kind, a Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine-led team has found that HIV patients in Africa with a certain genetic variant have a 63-percent lower chance of developing tuberculosis than HIV patients without the genetic variant.

Contact: Marc Kaplan
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Expert outlines medical approach to treatment of traumatized refugees
What's the best approach to mental health treatment for refugees with posttraumatic symptoms? One clinic with extensive experience in managing traumatized refugees recommends a medical approach combining psychoactive medications, long-term psychotherapy, and screening and treatment for associated health issues, according to a paper in the Journal of Psychiatric Practice, published by Wolters Kluwer.

Contact: Connie Hughes
Wolters Kluwer Health

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
The Lancet HIV
Study seeks to reduce pediatric HIV infection rates in Africa
Mother-to-child transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, is still a major problem in resource-limited, rural areas of the world where health care providers are scarce.

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Vanderbilt researchers identify potential antibody treatment for H7 avian flu
Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center have isolated human antibodies against a type of bird flu that has killed more than 200 people in China since 2012 and which may pose a worldwide pandemic threat.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
Dengue: Stem the Tide conference 24-26 February
Dengue research conference joins forces to prevent mosquito-carried viral diseases
Umea University-led research on mosquito control and Dengue prevention was presented recently at an international conference held in Colombo, Sri Lanka on Feb. 24-26. The findings and insights from the EU-funded DengueTools research consortium could enhance preventive efforts currently underway in Brazil and other countries experiencing a Zika virus outbreak.

Contact: Daniel Harju
Umea University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Promising malaria drug created at Rutgers to undergo clinical trials
Malaria killed about 440,000 people -- mostly young children -- last year, but a new drug candidate discovered at Rutgers University may help fight the long-dreaded disease. The compound, which literally blows up malaria parasites in the blood stream, is about to undergo clinical trials, said Spencer Knapp, a chemistry professor in the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology at Rutgers.
National Institutes of Health, Global Health Innovation Technology Fund

Contact: Todd B. Bates
Rutgers University

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
New England Journal of Medicine
Zika linked to abnormal pregnancies, fetal death, new research finds
New research presents strong evidence that the Zika virus can indeed cause a range of abnormalities in pregnant women infected with the virus -- with the effects manifesting any time during pregnancy. Some of the abnormalities noted have not been reported in connection with the virus.

Contact: Enrique Rivero
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Woman's Condom achieves WHO/UNFPA prequalification
The Woman's Condom, a new female condom designed to be easy to use and more acceptable to women and their partners, has been prequalified by the World Health Organization (WHO)/United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). The approval marks a critical step forward in expanding options for female-initiated dual protection from pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV.

Contact: Claire Hudson

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Novel small-molecule antiviral compound protects monkeys from deadly Ebola virus
Rhesus monkeys were completely protected from Ebola virus when treated three days after infection with a compound that blocks the virus's ability to replicate. These encouraging preclinical results suggest the compound, known as GS-5734, should be further developed as a potential treatment, according to research findings published online this week in the journal Nature.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency/The Joint Science and Technology Office for Chemical and Biological Defense

Contact: Caree Vander Linden
US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Researchers unravel pathways of potent antibodies that fight HIV infection
One of the most crucial and elusive goals of an effective HIV vaccine is to stimulate antibodies that can attack the virus even as it relentlessly mutates. Now a research team, led by investigators at the Duke Human Vaccine Institute and the Vaccine Research Center of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), has tracked rare potent antibodies in an HIV-infected individual and determined sequential structures that point to how they developed.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
Quarterly Journal of Economics
Why pharmaceutical firms may prefer to invest in drugs over vaccines
When it comes to addressing disease, many industry observers and public health advocates believe that pharmaceutical companies prefer to invest in drugs rather than vaccines, as preventives are perceived to be inherently less profitable. A Harvard-Dartmouth study on preventives versus treatments recently summarized in 'VOX EU,' offers a new economic rationale for this trend -- the population risk for diseases resembles a Zipf distribution, where the demand curve for a drug is likely to support stronger revenue extraction from a drug than for a vaccine.

Contact: Amy Olson
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
JAMA Cardiology
Study examines prevalence of rheumatic heart disease in developing country
Thomas Pilgrim, M.D., of Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland, and colleagues conducted a study to determine the prevalence and incidence of clinically silent and manifest rheumatic heart disease in Eastern Nepal. The study was published online by JAMA Cardiology.

Contact: Thomas Pilgrim, M.D.
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
TSRI scientists find clues to neutralizing coronaviruses such as MERS
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute, Dartmouth and the National Institutes of Health have solved the structure of a key protein in HKU1, a coronavirus identified in Hong Kong in 2005 and highly related to SARS and MERS. They believe their findings will guide future treatments for this family of viruses.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Scripps Research Institute, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
PLOS Biology
How to prevent 10 million deaths a year
Strategic investments to discover and develop new health tools, together with innovations in effectively delivering today's health tools and services, could avert 10 million deaths a year within just one generation, argue leading global health experts in a new PLOS Collection.

Contact: Jennifer Horsely

Public Release: 1-Mar-2016
JAMA Pediatrics
Children's Hospital Colorado experts publish article on the 2014 enterovirus D68 outbreak
From August to September 2014, a nationwide outbreak of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) left resources constrained for Children's Hospital Colorado (Children's Colorado) and pediatric organizations throughout the nation. Researchers and operational experts at Children's Colorado looked at the change in hospital resources utilized during the outbreak periods and compared the data to what would have been expected during a calm respiratory season, which allowed the team to indirectly estimate the impact of the virus.
NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Hollon Kohtz
Children's Hospital Colorado

Public Release: 1-Mar-2016
Annals of Global Health
Experts assess the impact of climate change on public health
In a review published in the Annals of Global Health, doctors warn of the impending public health crisis brought on by climate change and call for action to help prepare the world for what is ahead.

Contact: Eileen Leahy
Elsevier Health Sciences

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Journal of Global Health
Free ambulance service halves pregnancy-related deaths in rural Ethiopia
An operational assessment of a national free ambulance services program reveals a drastic reduction in pregnancy-related deaths in rural Ethiopia, suggesting that the innovative model could offer a cost-effective way to improve maternal health outcomes across Sub-Saharan Africa. This argument is presented in an article published today in the Journal of Global Health.

Contact: Daniel Harju
Umea University

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Anti-bacterial fabric holds promise for fighting superbug
An industry-academic collaborative group, involving UNIST, Yeejoo Co., Ltd., and KICET developed an anti-bacterial fabric, using a natural bacterial pigment.
Korea Institute for Advancement of Technology

Contact: JooHyeon Heo
Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology(UNIST)

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Risk of catching Ebola from survivor 'very low'
New research finds the risk of catching Ebola from a survivor to be 'very low.' Researchers set out to discover how long the Ebola virus persists in different human body fluids -- including blood, urine, semen, sweat, breast milk, feces, and vaginal fluids. While other health complications have been widely reported, the team did not find any evidence that the virus can reactivate to the point it becomes infectious for others by non-sexual contact.
National Institute for Health Research Health Protection Research Unit on Emergency Preparedness and Response

Contact: Lisa Horton
University of East Anglia

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
New vaccine could save thousands of lives
Work led by University of Exeter experts could help to protect thousands of people from an often fatal disease found in most tropical regions.
Fondazione CARIPLO

Contact: Kerra Maddern
University of Exeter

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Bulletin of the World Health Organization
People in world's poorest countries missing out on surgery
The volume of surgery has increased globally over the last decade but wide disparities in access to surgery persist between rich and poor countries. Only about 30 percent of the 312.9 million operations performed in 2012 were done in the 104 countries that spend less than US$400 on health care per capita per year, according to a study published today in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization.

Contact: Fiona Fleck
Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Public Release: 26-Feb-2016
Electron microscopy captures snapshot of structure coronaviruses use to enter cells
A detailed analysis has been made, at the atomic level, of an infection mechanism of coronaviruses, the agents of both mild and deadly respiratory illness in people and animals. The model of the coronavirus spike protein, which promotes entry into cells, may inspire design of antibodies to block a variety of coronaviruses. It also offers clues about the animal species or cell types a coronavirus is primed to attack.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences at National Institutes of Health, National Resource for Automated Molecular Microscopy

Contact: Leila Gray
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 26-Feb-2016
Optometry and Vision Science
108 million people have correctable vision impairment, global study estimates
Uncorrected refractive error -- nearsightedness, farsightedness, and other focusing problems correctable by prescription lenses -- is responsible for moderate to severe vision impairment in 101 million people and blindness in seven million people worldwide, reports a study in the March issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

Contact: Connie Hughes
Wolters Kluwer Health

Public Release: 26-Feb-2016
Parasites & Vectors
Insecticide-treated nets may still prevent malaria despite mosquito resistance
Insecticide-treated nets may still help prevent malaria despite mosquitoes developing resistance, which may provide a clue to why it has been hard to demonstrate the impact of this resistance on malaria as a public health problem, according to new research by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and Malaria Consortium.
UK Aid

Contact: Jenny Orton
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Showing releases 1001-1025 out of 1338.

<< < 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 > >>